Role of loco-regional anesthesia for non-intubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: A tertiary care hospital in northern Thailand

Locoregional anesthesia for non-intubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery

Authors

  • Tanyong Pipanmekaporn Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  • Prangmalee Leurcharusmee Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  • Artid Samerchua Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  • Suraphong Lorsomradee Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  • Settapong Boonsri Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  • Krit Panjasawatwong Department of Anesthesiology, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand
  • Sophon Siwachat Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, Thailand

Keywords:

Non-intubated thoracoscopic surgery, Thoracic epidural anesthesia, Intercostal nerve block, Thoracic paravertebral block

Abstract

Background: A few studies have focused on the role of regional anesthesia for non-intubated thoracoscopic surgery (NIVATS) in Thailand. The purpose of the present study was to review the feasibility and safety of loco-regional anesthesia for NIVATS in a tertiary care hospital.

Methods: All patients undergoing scheduled NIVATS under loco-regional anesthesia including thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA), intercostal nerve block (ICNB), thoracic paravertebral block, and local wound infiltration from 2018 to 2021 were assessed by a retrospective chart review. Sedation was performed with propofol infusion and bispectral index monitoring. Primary outcomes were the feasibility of surgery and safety related to loco-regional anesthesia techniques.

Results: Twenty-three patients were included. The average age was 43 (26-59) years.  The two most common regional anesthesia techniques in this study were TEA and ICNB. The most common surgical procedure was wedge resection (13 patients, 56.5%) followed by pleurectomy (5 patients, 21.7%). The overall feasible scores were 2.6 ± 0.7. Intraoperative hypotension (62.5% for TEA vs 20% for ICNB) and urinary retention (25% for TEA vs 0 for ICNB) were found. Among four patients with severe cough, three patients received intrathoracic vagal block and one patient required general anesthesia due to severe hypoxemia. Patients with ICNB had a higher degree of incisional pain and a higher amount of postoperative morphine consumption.

Conclusion: NIVATS under loco-regional anesthesia could be a feasible and safe technique. A further study is recommended to compare the efficacy and safety of TEA and ICNB for NIVATS.

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Published

2021-11-11

How to Cite

1.
Pipanmekaporn T, Leurcharusmee P, Samerchua A, Lorsomradee S, Boonsri S, Panjasawatwong K, Siwachat S. Role of loco-regional anesthesia for non-intubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: A tertiary care hospital in northern Thailand: Locoregional anesthesia for non-intubated video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery. Clin Crit Care [Internet]. 2021 Nov. 11 [cited 2024 Jun. 20];29:2021:e0008. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ccc/article/view/253960

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