Right ventricular failure due to acute pulmonary embolism associated with Graves’ disease: A case report

Right ventricular failure associated with Graves’ disease

Authors

  • Tanya Tanyalakmara Division of Critical care, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, 10700
  • Surat Tongyoo Division of Critical care, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok, Thailand, 10700

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54205/ccc.v31.263457

Keywords:

Acute pulmonary embolism, Graves’ disease, Right ventricular failure

Abstract

Background

          Graves' disease is a prevalent endocrine disorder characterized by diverse clinical manifestations affecting multiple organs, exhibiting varying degrees of severity. Cardiovascular system involvement is one of the most common manifestations, which include palpitation, tachycardia, cardiomyopathy, atrial fibrillation, pulmonary hypertension, or heart failure. Additionally, excessive thyroid hormone can lead to a hypercoagulable state, increasing the risk of venous thrombosis. However, thrombotic events, particularly deep vein thrombosis, cerebral venous thrombosis, or pulmonary embolism, are rare complications of Graves’ disease.

Case presentation 

          In this report, we present the case of a 53 years old woman who presented with progressively worsening dyspnea, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, bilateral leg edema, and jaundice for 2 weeks. She had also reported a weight loss of 4 kilograms within 3 months. Upon admission to our hospital, she initially received a diagnosis of congestive heart failure with atrial fibrillation and thyrotoxicosis. Following diuretic therapy, the patient developed hypotension and severe hypoxemia. Subsequent investigation revealed acute right ventricular failure due to an acute sub-segmental pulmonary embolism, which was confirmed by computed tomography of the pulmonary artery. The patient's condition improved after resuscitation involving intravenous fluid administration to increase right ventricular preload, intravenous vasopressor infusion to elevate systemic blood pressure, management of severe thyrotoxicosis, and intravenous administration of heparin. 

Conclusion

          Graves’ disease, accompanied by hemodynamic disturbances due to acute right ventricular failure, necessitates admission to the intensive care unit for resuscitation and close monitoring. Although acute pulmonary embolism is an uncommon condition associated with Graves’ disease, it should be considered, particularly in patients who develop acute right ventricular failure.

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Published

2023-08-26

How to Cite

1.
Tanyalakmara T, Tongyoo S. Right ventricular failure due to acute pulmonary embolism associated with Graves’ disease: A case report: Right ventricular failure associated with Graves’ disease. Clin Crit Care [Internet]. 2023 Aug. 26 [cited 2024 Jun. 24];31(1):2023:e0014. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ccc/article/view/263457

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Section

Case Report