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The purpose of this descriptive correlational design was to examine the relationship between illness representation and behaviors to prevention stroke recurrence in elderly with stroke. The sample of study consisted of 105 elderly with stroke purposively recruited from community hospitals, Suratthani province. The illness representation and behaviors to prevent stroke recurrence were assessed by Illness Representation Questionnaires and Recurrent Prevention Behaviors in Elderly with Stroke Questionnaire. Content validity of the questionnaires was checked by three experts. The test-retest reliability of the Identity, Cause, the Illness Representation components, and the Recurrence Prevention Behaviors in Elderly with Stroke Questionnaire were .90, .83, .86, and .86, respectively. Data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation.
The results were as follows: the score of perceived illness representation with stroke was at the moderate level (M = 3.58, SD = .28). The total score of behaviors to prevent stroke recurrence was at the high level (M = 3.16, SD = .39). The score of perceived illness representation was moderately positively related to the score of behaviors to prevent stroke recurrence (r = .33, p < .001).
The results of this study could be used as important foundation information to plan appropriate nursing intervention. Illness representation based nursing intervention will be useful to promote behaviors in recurrence prevention elderly with stroke.
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