Main Article Content
Purpose The purpose of this study was tocompare the exercise motivation of the elderly in urban and rural areas in Chiang Mai Province.
Methods The data were researcher collected by using the Motivational Exercise 2 (EMI-2) questionnaire on five aspects of exercise motivation namely psychological, social, physical and physical fitness. (Markland and Ingledew, 1997). Two-hundred and fifty two elderly in Mueang Chiang Mai District and 258 elderly in Tungtum District participated in this study. The data were analyzed in terms of percentages, means and standard deviations. A comparison of exercise motivation variables between the urban and rural elderly was conducted by using Mann-Whitney U-test. A significant level was set at p<.05
Results The results showed that the elderly in urban and rural areas had different in exercise motivation with respect to psychological, social, physical and physical fitness. The elderly in the rural areas had significantly higher exercise motives in all aspects than the urban areas (p<.05). When ranking the exercise motives in the both groups, it was found that the most exercise decision of the elderly is the physical fitness.
Conclusion The motivation of the elderly in the rural areas was higher than that of the elderly in urban areas. Therefore, health promoter should encourage the promotion of exercise in elderly people in urban areas. In addition, the design of the activity model should focus on improving the fitness and health of the elderly. It will also help to increase the number of elderly people to exercise.
Atthamaethakul, W, and Srivilai, W. (2013). The Influences of Aging Health in Tumbon Koobua, Ratchaburi. Journal of Health Science Research, 7(2), 18-28.
Bureau of Non Communicable Disease. (2017). Report of Predictors of Falls in Elderly People (aged 60 years and over) in Thailand 2017-2021. Nonthaburi: Department of Disease Control, Public Health Ministry.
Chantakeeree, C. (2016). Promoting Exercise Behavior for Vulnerable Elderly. The Journal of Faculty of Nursing Burapha University, 24(2), 1-12.
Cochran, W.G. (1977). Sampling Techniques. 3rd ed. New York : John Wiley and Sons Inc.
Cronbach, L. J. (1951). Coefficient Alpha and the Internal Structure of Tests. Psychometrika, 6, 297-334.
Gray, R., Pattaravanich, U., Chamchan, C., and Suwannoppakaw, R. (2013). New Concept of Older Persons: The Psycho-Social and Health Perspective. 1st ed. Nakhon Pathom: Institute for Population and Social Research, Mahidol University.
Hengsuko, E. (2014). Capacity in health Promotion by Exercise of Senior people. SDU Research Journal Humanities and Social Sciences, 10(3), 129-142.
Institute for Population and Social Research. (2017). Situation of the Thai Elderly 2016. Nakhon Pathom: Printing Company Limited.
Jimsurawong, W. (2005). Development of the Exercise Motivation Inventory-2 Thai Version (EMI2-T). Journal of education, 2(2), 142-150.
Manasatchakun, P., Chotiga, P., Hochwälder, J., Roxberg, A., Sandborgh, M., and Asp, M. (2016). Factors Associated with Healthy Aging among Older Persons in Northeastern Thailand. Journal of CrossCultural Gerontology, 31(4), 369-384.
Premsri, N., Wisetsung, S., OonKhum, P., Khongsuebsor, W., and Awikunprasert, C. (2016). Investigation of Physical Fitness and Mental Health among Older Adults: A Case Study of Older Adults in the Mueang District Area, Nakhon Phanom Province. Nakhon Phanom University Journal, 6(3), 18-25.
Punta, P. and Weangkum, D. (2011). The Relationship between Personal Factors, Perceived Benefits Physical Activity and Perceived Barriers Physical Activity, with Physical Activity of Older Adults in Phayao Province. Journal of Health Science Research, 5(1), 7-16.
Puttikankit, T. (2015). Community Context under the Semi-Urban, Semi-Rural Society. FEU academic review, 9(1), 7-15.
Ruanjai, T., Siri, S., Sujirarat, D., Munsawaengsub, C., and Jirapongsuwan, A. (2015). Health Status and Family Support among the Elderly Living in Rural and Suburban Area of Chiang Rai province. Academic Journal of Community Public Health, 1(2), 21-30.
Sukanun, T., Jariyasilp, S., Thummanon, T., and Jitpakdee, P. (2011). Quality of Life of the Elderly in Bansuan Municipality, Chonburi Province, Thailand. Journal of Public Health, 41(3), 240-249
Sukanun, T., Subprasert, J., Jariyasilp, S., and Vongsala, A. (2014). Factors Affecting Exercise Behaviors of the Elderly People in Bansuan Municipality, Chonburi. The Public Health Journal of Burapha University, 9(2), 66-75.
The Elderly Society of Ban Tham Pakorn Chiang Mai. (2016). Annual Report of Elderly Club Information Chiang Mai Province 2016. Chiang Mai: Welfare Development Center.