Main Article Content

Jirachai Karawa
Satian Laoprasert
Suparat Karawa
Teerachpan Maneetam
Kurusart Konharn


Purpose : The purposes of this study were to examine and compare physical activity (PA) levels of secondary-school students between different school locations and sizes, and to determine their compliance with the physical activity guidelines (PAG).

Methods : This observational study was carried out in 160 Thai secondary-school students (averaged aged 15.6 ± 1.1 years, BMI 21.1 ± 3.6 kg.) from 4 different secondary schools in the northeast of Thailand. All participants were requested to wear the activity monitor (Feelfit) on their right hip for 7 consecutive days with a minimum of 10 hours wearing time. Independent Sample t-test and Chi-square test were used to analyze all dependent variables.

Results : Boys and normal-weight students in urban school had significantly spent more time at only light PA compared to students in rural school (p<0.05). Furthermore, students in a small-to-medium school size had more time spent in moderate PA compared to students in a largeschool size (p<0.05). However, there were no significant differences in compliance with the PAG observed between groups (p>0.05).

Conclusion : School locations and sizes are important factors that influence PA among Thai secondary-school students.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Karawa, J. ., Laoprasert, S., Karawa, S. ., Maneetam, T. ., & Konharn, K. . (2020). EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT SCHOOL LOCATIONS AND SIZES ON PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVELS AMONG THAI SECONDARY-SCHOOL STUDENTS. Journal of Sports Science and Health, 21(1), 138–150. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/spsc_journal/article/view/241524
บทความวิจัย (Research Article)


Aekplakorn, W., Hogan, M. C., Chongsuvivatwong, V., Tatsanavivat, P., Chariyalertsak, S., Boonthum, A., et al. (2007). Trends in obesity and associations with education and urban or rural residence in Thailand. Obesity (Silver Spring), 15(12), 3113-3121. doi: 10.1038/oby.2007.371

Arnin, J., Anopas, D., Triponyuwasin, P., Yamsa-ard, T., Wongsawat, Y. (2014). Development of a novel classification and calculation algorithm for physical activity monitoring and its application. Paper presented at the Asia-Pacific Signal and Information Processing Association, 2014 Annual Summit and Conference (APSIPA).

Brug, J., van Stralen, M. M., te Velde, S. J., Chinapaw, M. J., De Bourdeaudhuij, I., Lien, N., et al. (2012). Differences in weight status and energy-balance related behaviors among schoolchildren across Europe: the

ENERGY-project. PloS one, 7(4), e34742.

Comte, M., Hobin, E., Majumdar, S. R., Plotnikoff, R. C., Ball, G. D., & McGavock, J. (2013). Patterns of weekday and weekend physical activity in youth in 2 Canadian provinces. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism,

(2), 115-119.

Corder, K., Ekelund, U., Steele, R. M., Wareham, N. J., & Brage, S. (2008). Assessment of physical activity in youth. Journal of Applied Physiology, 105(3), 977-987.

Costigan, S. A., Barnett, L., Plotnikoff, R. C., & Lubans, D. R. (2013). The health indicators associated with screen-based sedentary behavior among adolescent girls: a systematic review. Journal of Adolescent Health, 52(4), 382-392. doi: 10.1016/j. jadohealth.2012.07.018

Cradock, A. L., Melly, S. J., Allen, J. G., Morris, J. S., & Gortmaker, S. L. (2007). Characteristics of school campuses and physical activity among youth. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 33(2), 106-113. e101.

Fung, T. T., Hu, F. B., Yu, J., Chu, N. F., Spiegelman, D., Tofler, G. H., et al. (2000). Leisure-time physical activity, television watching, and plasma biomarkers of obesity and cardiovascular disease risk. American Journal of Epidemiology, 152(12), 1171-1178.

Hodgkin, E., Hamlin, M., Ross, J., & Peters, F.(2010). Obesity, energy intake and physical activity in rural and urban New Zealand children. Rural Remote Health, 10(2), 1336.

Hood, N. E., Colabianchi, N., Terry-McElrath, Y. M., O’Malley, P. M., & Johnston, L. D. (2014). Physical activity breaks and facilities in US secondary schools. Journal of School Health, 84(11), 697-705.

Itoi, A., Yamada, Y., Watanabe, Y., & Kimura, M. (2012). Physical activity, energy intake, and obesity prevalence among urban and rural schoolchildren aged 11-12 years in Japan. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 37(6), 1189-1199.

Konharn, K. (2012). Accelerometer-Based Physical Activity Levels and Sedentary Behavior under Free-Living Conditions in Thai Adolescents.

Loucaides, C. A., Plotnikoff, R. C., & Bercovitz, K. (2007). Differences in the correlates of physical activity between urban and rural Canadian youth. Journal of School Health, 77(4), 164-170.

Machado-Rodrigues, A. M., Coelho-e-Silva, M. J., Mota, J., Padez, C., Ronque, E., Cumming, S. P., et al. (2012). Cardiorespiratory fitness, weight status and objectively measured sedentary behaviour and physical activity

in rural and urban Portuguese adolescents. Journal of Child Health Care, 16(2), 166-177.

Maples, J. M., Fitzhugh, E. C., Costello, C. A., Moustaid-Moussa, N., Basset, D. R., Spence, M. L., et al. (2012). Physical Activity, Screen Time, and Prevalence of Overweight/Obesity among Adolescents in a Creative, Problem-Solving Program. Food and Nutrition Sciences, 3(04), 568.

Martin, K., Bremner, A., Salmon, J., Rosenberg, M., & Giles-Corti, B. (2012). School and individual-level characteristics are associated with children’s moderate to vigorousintensity physical activity during school

recess. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 36(5), 469-477.

Mitchell, J. A., Pate, R. R., Beets, M. W., & Nader, P. R. (2013). Time spent in sedentary behavior and changes in childhood BMI: a longitudinal study from ages 9 to 15 years. International Journal of Obesity,37(1), 54-60. doi: 10.1038/ijo.2012.41

Moore, J. B., Beets, M. W., Morris, S. F., & Kolbe, M. B. (2014). Comparison of objectively measured physical activity levels of rural, suburban, and urban youth. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 46(3),289-292.

Mooses, K., Mäestu, J., Riso, E.-M., Hannus, A., Mooses, M., Kaasik, P., et al. (2016). Different Methods Yielded Two-Fold Difference in Compliance with Physical Activity Guidelines on School Days. PloSone, 11(3), e0152323.

Morin, P., Lebel, A., Robitaille, É., & Bisset, S. (2016). Socioeconomic Factors Influence Physical Activity and Sport in Quebec Schools.Journal of School Health, 86(11), 841-851.

Muthuri, S. K., Wachira, L.-J. M., Onywera, V. O., & Tremblay, M. S. (2014). Correlates of objectively measured overweight/obesity and physical activity in Kenyan school children: results from ISCOLEKenya. BMC Public Health, 14(1), 436. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-436

Ng, M., Fleming, T., Robinson, M., Thomson, B., Graetz, N., Margono, C., et al. (2014). Global, regional, and national prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adults during 1980-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet, 384(9945), 766-781. doi: 10.1016/s0140-6736(14)60460-8

Ojiambo, R. M., Easton, C., Casajús, J. A., Konstabel, K., Reilly, J. J., & Pitsiladis, Y. (2012). Effect of urbanization on objectively measured physical activity levels, sedentary time, and indices of adiposity in Kenyan adolescents. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 9(1), 115-123.

Pengpid, S., Peltzer, K., Pengpid, S., Peltzer, K., & Peltzer, K. (2013). Overweight and obesity and associated factors among school-aged adolescents in Thailand : health and fitness. African Journal for Physical Health Education, Recreation and Dance, 19(2), 448-458.

Powers, H. S., Conway, T. L., McKenzie, T. L., Sallis, J. F., & Marshall, S. J. (2002). Participation in extracurricular physical activity programs at middle schools. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 73(2), 187-192.

Raudsepp, L., & Viira, R. (2000). Sociocultural correlates of physical activity in adolescents. Pediatric Exercise Science, 12(1), 51-60.

Sanchez, A., Norman, G. J., Sallis, J. F., Calfas, K. J., Cella, J., & Patrick, K. (2007). Patterns and correlates of physical activity and nutrition behaviors in adolescents. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32(2),


Shearer, C., Blanchard, C., Kirk, S., Lyons, R., Dummer, T., Pitter, R., et al. (2012). Physical activity and nutrition among youth in rural, suburban and urban neighbourhood types. Canadian Journal of Public Health,

(Suppl 3), S55-S60.

Stone, M. R., Rowlands, A. V., & Eston, R. G. (2009). Characteristics of the activity pattern in normal weight and overweight boys. Preventive Medicine, 49(2), 205-208.

Tognarelli, M., Picciolli, P., Vezzosi, S., Isola, A., Moretti, F., Tommassetto, E., et al. (2004). Nutritional status of 8-year-old rural and urban Italian children: a study in Pistoia, Tuscany. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition, 55(5), 381-387.

Tremblay, M. S., LeBlanc, A. G., Janssen, I., Kho, M. E., Hicks, A., Murumets, K., et al. (2011). Canadian sedentary behaviour guidelines for children and youth. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 36(1), 59-64.