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This study explored the coping difficulty in mothers during the transition period from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit to home along with potentially related factors. The sample was 84 mothers having high-risk infants receiving treatments and discharging from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit of Bhumibol Adulyadej Hospital under the Royal Thai Air Force Directorate of Medical Services. The demographic data record form for mothers and Infants, Maternal Infant Attachment Questionnaire, the Readiness for Hospital Discharge Scale, Interview questionnaire for problems of mother's care for infant, infant illnesses and data about mothers’ infant care and Post-discharge Coping Difficulty Scale were the instruments used to collect data. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive statistics and Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient.
Findings revealed that the mothers had collectively a moderate coping difficulty during the transition period from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit to home (M = 35.22, S.D. = 21.56). Furthermore, family income, maternal readiness for infant discharge and maternal infant attachment were negatively correlated with the coping difficulty of the mothers during the transition period from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit to home with statistical significance (r = -.329, r = -.538, r = -.489; p< .05, respectively). Maternal age was not correlated with coping difficulty in the mothers during the transition from the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit to home (p> .05).The findings suggested that nurses should evaluate and prepare mothers before infants discharge and promote attachment between mothers and infants, especially for mothers with low income families.
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