Factors Predicting Safety Behaviors In Motorcycle Riding Among Male Senior High School Students In The Eastern Region

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กมลวรรณ คุ้มวงษ์
นิสากร กรุงไกรเพชร
สุวรรณา จันทร์ประเสริฐ

Abstract

Abstract


            Thailand has the highest mortality rate from motorcycle riding in the world. Particularly in Thailand, male adolescent aged between 15-19 was found to have the highest mortality rate from this cause.  The purpose of this research was to examine the predicting factors for motorcycle riding behavior among male senior high school students in eastern region. Multi-stage random sampling used to recruit the simple of 139 male senior high school students riding motorcycle to school in the eastern region. Research instrument was self-administrative questionnaires 5 parts as well as, 1) the questionnaire of personal information, 2) perceived of people to consist of perceived susceptibility to accident, perceived severity to accident, perceived benefits to safety behavior, perceived barrier to safety behavior. There were reliabilities of Cronbach’s alpha of .75 .80 .73 .64 respectively, 3) the questionnaire of Motorcycle driving experience, 4) environmental factors and cues to action to consist of experiences traffic violations, safety driving school policy, the road traffic of discipline, influence of family, influence of friends. There were reliabilities of Cronbach’s alpha of .90, .80, .87, .87 respectively and 5) the safety behavior of motorcycles questionnaire was reliabilities of Cronbach’s alpha of .75  respectively. The data were analyzed by using both descriptive statistics as well as inferential statistics that is multiple regression analysis.


          Results revealed that factors influencing predictors were perceived benefits for safety behavior, the family influence and the influence of friends to predicted the safety behavior of motorcyclists 32.8% (R2 = .328, F = 8.52, p < .01). Therefor community nurses should enhance the perception benefits of safe motorcycle riding. Friends and family are participating to keep male student’s safety behavior motorcycle riding.

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บทความวิจัย

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