The development of Thai Family Well-being (FWB) scale

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Rutja Phuphaibul
Wannee Deoisres
Dechavudh Nityasuddhi
Darunee Jongudomkarn
Rapeepan Kamhom
Chittinun Tejagupta
Chintana Wacharasin
Thawan Nieamsup
Sawitri Thayansin
Thipaporn Portawin



Thai families are in amidst of changes that affect both family structures and their well-being. The objective of this study was to development of Family Well-being (FWB) scale for Thai families which part of tool development for FWB survey according to family life cycle. The process consisted of two phases. The first phase was scale development, using qualitative research method to identify the attributes of FWB.  Focus group discussion was performed by asking about the meaning and perception of FWB among family representatives within 5 regions, including Bangkok Metropolitan, the northern, the central, the northeastern, and the southern regions.  The 310 families were divided into 6-10 subjects per group according to gender (male and female. The findings from content analysis showed 9 components of FWB which are 1) Relationship, 2) Role, 3) Economic, 4) Sufficiency economy, 5) Community sharing and safety, 6) Spiritual development, 7) Health, 8) Education, and 9) Self-sufficiency and dependency. The draft FWB scale was developed based on qualitative results which consisted of 85 items with 5 levels of Likert scale response.  Second phase was the evaluation of the psychometric properties of the scale. The draft FWB scale was reviewed by 5 experts in family research. Then it was pilot tested among 351 families in Bangkok area for construct validity using exploratory factor analysis and reliability.

 The results of exploratory factor analysis revealed that the final FWB scale have 9 components with 75 items as predetermined. The FWB scale and its subscales have shown good internal consistency reliability of .952 and between .703 - .925. The total variance accounted for was 55.66%.


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