Predicting Factors of Eating Behaviors among Pregnant Women Working in Industrial Factories

Main Article Content

Chanapa Ngamchay
Tatirat Tachasuksri
Supit Siriarunrat

Abstract

Abstract


             This study aimed to study eating behaviors and factors predicting eating behaviors among pregnant women working in industrial factories. Samples were 210 pregnant women who visited antenatal clinics at social security center, Queen Savang Vadhana Memorial hospital. Data were collected by questionnaires including demographic data, eating behaviors, perceived nutritional benefit, perceived nutritional barrier, perceived nutritional self-efficacy, social support, and healthy food source in industrial factories. The content validity index of all questionnaires were 1.00 and the Cronbach’s alpha of questionnaires were .82, .84, .85, .90, .86 and .81, respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and stepwise multiple regression.


        The result found that average of eating behaviors was 37.33 (SD = 4.52). The significant factors which predicted eating behaviors included perceived nutritional self-efficacy (β = .286, p < .001), perceived nutritional barrier (β = -.249, p < .001), healthy food sources in industrial factories (β = .142, p = .023) and perceived nutritional benefit (β = .142, p = .031). The percentage of total variance explained by these factors among pregnant women working in industrial factories was 22.3%. The results of this study could develop the guideline for promoting the healthy eating behaviors among pregnant women working in industrial factories.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

Section
บทความวิจัย

References

Bahabadi, F. J., Estebsari, F., Rohani, C., Kandi, Z. R. K., Sefidkar, R., & Mostafaei, D. (2020). Predictors of health-promoting lifestyle in pregnant women based on Pender’s health promotion model. International Journal of Women's Health, 2020(12), 71-77.
Bandura, A. (1971). Social learning theory. NY: General learning press.
Chonburi Province Labour Office. (2016). Chonburi labor situation report 2559 (January-December 2016). Chonburi: Chonburi Province Labour Office [In Thai]
Chaitokkia, S. (2018). Factors affecting food consumption behaviors of adults in northeast Thailand. Research and Development Journal Loei Rajabhat University, 13(45), 68-78. [In Thai]
Chumsri, T., & Tato, S. (2007). Relationships between personal factors, perceived benefits, perceived barriers, perceived self-efficacy, interpersonal influences and health promoting behaviors of southern pregnant adolescents. Journal of Nursing Science Chulalongkorn University, 19(1), 94-107. [In Thai]
Cunningham, F. G., Leveno, K. J., Bloom, S. L., Dashe, J. S., Hoffman, B. L., Casey, B. M., & Spong, C. Y. (2018). Williams obstetrics. (25th ed.). NY: Mc Graw Hill Education.
Department of Health Ministry of Public Health. (2017). Annual report 2017. Bangkok: Graphic and Design Font.
Hamzehei, R., Kazerani, M., Shekofteh, M., & Karami, M. (2018). Online health information seeking behavior among Iranian pregnant women: A case study. Library Philosophy and Practice, (February), 1-16.
Hamzehgardeshi, Z., Keshvar, S. G., Soraky, M. K. (2018). Health-promoting lifestyles and related factors in pregnant women. Internal Medicine and Medical Investigation Journal, 3(4), 12-17.
Karnjanajittra, M., Chamchan, C., Yamborisud, U., & Sutthikasem, K. (2015). The effect of food environments on the eatting patterns and health of factory workers. Nakhon Pathom: Institute of population and social research, Mahidol University. [In Thai]
Lin, Y.H., Tsai, E.M., Chan, T.F., Chou, F.H., & Lin, Y.L. (2009). Health promoting lifestyles and related factors in pregnant women. Chang Gung Medical Journal, 32(6), 650-661.
Lonuch, S., Nirattharadorn, M., & Khampalikit, S. (2011). Predicting factors of nutritional promoting behaviors among pregnant women over 35 years of age. Journal of Nursing and Education, 4(2), 79-93. [In Thai]
Nanthasin, N. (2015). Factors affecting consumer’s consumption behavior and loyalty toward health food in Bangkok metropolis. Journal of Cultural Approach, 16(29), 3-18. [In Thai]
Pender, N. J., Murdaugh, C.L., & Parsons, M. A. (2015). Health promotion in nursing practice (7th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson.
Puspita, T., Jerayingmongkol, P., & Sanguanprasit, B. (2015). Factors predicting self-care behaviors among pregnant women in garut district, west java province, Indonesia. Asian Academic Society International Conference, 3, 107-111.
Rowlands, I., Graves, N., Jersey, S. D., McIntyre, H. D., & Callaway, L. (2010). Obesity in pregnancy: Outcomes and economics. Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, 15(2010), 94-99.
Ruangkalapawongse, A., & Ruangkalapawongse, S. (2015). Factors related to decision making to buy functional food products for senior citizens in the Bangkok metropolis. Suan Dusit University Research Journal, 11(2), 77-94. [In Thai]
Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Pearson education.
Tachasuksri, T., Siriarunrat, S., Suppasri, P., Suppaseemanont, W., Boonnate, N., & Kwannate, C. (2017). Causal model for quality of life among pregnant women. The Southern College Network Journal of Nursing and Public Health, 4(1), 28-46. [In Thai]
Tamteangtrong, R., Sangin, S., & Deoisres, W. (2016). Factors predicting nutritional health promotion behavior among pregnant adolescents. Journal of Faculty of Nursing Burapha University, 25(1), 49-60. [In Thai]
Wutthisarn, K., Siriarunrat, S., & Tachasuksri, T. (2017). Relationships between health belief and eating behaviors in pregnant women with over pre-pregnant body mass index. The Journal of Faculty of Nursing Burapha University, 42(1), 19-26. [In Thai]