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Chest trauma patients with intercostal chest drainage who have ineffective lung rehabilitation behavior are at risk for lung atelectasis and infections. This research aimed to examine relationships among pain, anxiety, knowledge and lung rehabilitation behavior in chest trauma patients with intercostal chest drainage. Sample were 84 chest trauma patients with intercostal chest drainage from Sappasitthipasong Ubonratchathani hospital. Data were collected from March to December 2018. Research instruments included personal information record form, pain questionnaire, anxiety subscale of hospital anxiety and depression Scale [HADS-A], knowledge about lung rehabilitation and lung rehabilitation behavior questionnaires. Descriptive statistics and Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient were used to analyze data.
The results revealed that samples had low level of pain, anxiety, and knowledge about lung rehabilitation (M = 4.72, SD = 1.67; M = 7.19, SD = 4.21; M = 11.00, SD = 4.21 respectively), and moderate level of lung rehabilitation behavior (M = 30.27, SD = 7.59). There was significantly negatively correlation between pain and anxiety with lung rehabilitation behavior. (r = -.34, p <.01, r = -.22, p <.05 respectively). There was no association between knowledge of lung rehabilitation and lung rehabilitation behavior (r = .06, p >.05). The findings suggested that healthcare providers should assess pain and anxiety and provide effective pain and anxiety management in acute phase in order to enhance continuity of effective lung rehabilitation behavior in chest trauma patients with intercostal chest drainage.
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