Factors Related to Health Literacy Among Military Conscripts in Chon-Buri Province

  • Saowapa Donghong
  • Rungrat Srisuriyawet
  • Pornnapa Homsin
Keywords: Health literacy, health risk behaviors, army conscripts

Abstract

          This correlational study aimed to identify the level of health literacy and factors related to
health literacy among military conscripts in Chon-Buri Province. Systematic sampling was used to
recruited 364 new navy conscripts stationed at the Marine Corps Training Center and the Combat Air
Command and Coast Guard Training Center in Sattahip District, Chon-Buri Province. Data were
collected by questionnaires consisting of a health literacy scale, smoking behavior scale, alcohol
drinking behavior scale, sexual behavior scale, and stress scale. The data were analyzed by
percentages, means and standard deviations, and by Pearson correlation coefficients.
          The results revealed that 48.1% of the sample reported insufficient levels of health literacy.
The most insufficient components were understanding, behavior change and continuation, and
interaction and questioning (54.9%, 38.7%, and 34.9%, respectively). Correlational analysis found that
sexual risk behavior (r = -.271), alcohol drinking (r = -.268), stress (r = -.173) and smoking (r = -.162)
were negatively correlated with health literacy (p < .05). Economic status was positively related to
health literacy (r = .154). The results suggest that army conscripts with high stress and risky health
behaviors are likely to have low health literacy and thus should receive activities to enhance health
literacy.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Baker, D. W., Parker, R. M., Williams, M. V., & Clark, W. S. (1998). Health literacy and the risk of hospital admission. Journal of General Internal Medicine, 13(12), 791-798.


Choeisuwan, V. (2017). Health literacy: Concept and application for nursing practice. Royal Thai Navy Medical Journal, 44(3), 183-97. [In Thai]


Department of Mental Health, Ministry of Public Health. (2016). Suanprung stress test. Retrieved from http://www.dmh.go.th/test/stress [In Thai]


Eaimkhong, P. (2014). Self-regulation and short message service (sms) intervention for promoting safe sex among army conscripts in Lopburi army area, Thailand. Doctoral dissertation, Chulalongkorn University. [In Thai]


Health Education Division. (2015). Stress management behavior modifcation for working people. Nonthaburi: Health Education Division of Ministry of Public Health [In Thai]


Hoffman, S., Marsiglia, F. F., Nevarez, L., & Porta, M. (2017). Health literacy among youth in Guatemala city. Social Work in Public Health, 32(1), 30-37.


Homsin, P., Srisuphan, W., Pohl, J. M., Tiansawad, S., & Patumanond, J. (2009). Predictors of early stages of smoking uptake among Thai male adolescents. Pacifc Rim International Journal of Nursing Research, 13(1), 28-42.



Honghui, R. X. C., Jose, M., Garcia, L. Z., Lu, L., Jian, F., Mingshan, L., P, H., Xinlu, D., Junli, Y., Ya, W., Ting, L., Jun, L., & Ji-an, C. (2017). Survey of health literacy level and related influencing factors in military college students in Chongqing, China: A cross-sectional analysis. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177776


Julawong, O. (2014). Motivation prevention and health behaviors of the Thai army conscripts. Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses 15(2), 28-32. [In Thai]


Julawong, O., & Srikanok, W. (2014). Development of HIV prevention motivation model for promoting healthy behavioral changes in conscripts of the ninth of battalion infantry. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice, 4(1), 18-32.


Lahkaew, A., & Chaleekroa, T. (2015). Health literacy and factors related to medication among patients with hypertension, Ban Piang Luang subdistrict health promoting hospital, Chiang Mai province. In 6th
National and international conference and research presentation “Moving towards world class research. (pp.635-49). Bangkok: Saun Sunandha Rajabhat University. [In Thai]


Li, C. Y., Lee, O., Shin, G. S., & Li, X. W. (2009). Health literacy and health status of Korean-Chinese elderly people living in Yanbian, China. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing, 39(3), 386-392.

Montri, Ph. (2014). The relationship between health literacy on AIDs prevention and AIDs prevention behavior of army offcers under Artillery Division Fort Piboonsongkram, Lop Buri province, Master’s thesis, Kasetsart University. [In Thai]


Nakamura-Taira, N., Izawa, S., & Yamada, K. C. (2018). Stress underestimation and mental health literacy of depression in Japanese workers: A cross-sectional study. Psychiatry research, 262, 221-228.


Needham, H. E., Wiemann, C. M., Tortolero, S. R., & Chacko, M. R. (2010). Relationship between health literacy, reading comprehension, and risk for sexually transmitted infections in young women. Journal of adolescent health, 46(5), 506-508.


Nualsuwan, K., Prasittivatechakool, A., & Prajankett, O. (2012). Stress and coping strategies of The Royal Thai Army new privates. Journal of The Royal Thai Army Nurses, 13(2), 72-81. [In Thai]


Paasche-Orlow, M. K., & Wolf, M. S. (2007). The causal pathways linking health literacy to health outcomes. American Journal of Health Behavior, 31(1), S19-S26. Pruksananonda, C. (2016). Textbook of adolescent medicine. Nonthaburi: Parbpim Printing. [In Thai]


Roma, W., Tanasugarn, C., Tipayamongkholgul M., Aimyong, N., Neelapaichit, N. Samnuanklang M., & Kloyiam, S. (2018). National health literacy survey project for Thai people aged 15 years and above (phase 1). Retrieved from http://kb.hsri.or.th/dspace/handle/11228/4926?localeattribute=th

Saeko, K. (2009). Health literacy among eye surgery patient. Master’s thesis. Mahidol University. [In Thai]


Shephard, R.J., & Shek, P.N. (2000). Immune dysfunction as a factor in heat illness. Crit Rev Immunol, 19, 285-302.


Srisatidnarakul, B. (2010). The methodology in nursing. Bangkok: U and I Intermedia. [In Thai]


Sorensen, K., Van den Broucke, S, Fullam, J., Doyle, G., Pelikan, J., Slonska, Z., & Brand, H. (2012). Health literacy and public health: A systematic review and integration of defnitions and models. BMC Public Health, 12(1), 80.


Takkanun, S., Dangyai, W., Leelahawanich, P. & Seangruang-Orn, S. (2016). The study of risk behavioral toward HIV Infection of conscripts in Bangkok. Royal Thai Army Medical Journal, 69(2), 55-63.


World Health Organization (WHO), (1998). Health promotion glossar. Geneva: WHO Publications
Published
2021-06-29
How to Cite
Donghong, S., Srisuriyawet, R., & Homsin, P. (2021). Factors Related to Health Literacy Among Military Conscripts in Chon-Buri Province. The Journal of Faculty of Nursing Burapha University, 29(2), 13-23. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Nubuu/article/view/251842