Factors Related to Health Literacy Among Military Conscripts in Chon-Buri Province
This correlational study aimed to identify the level of health literacy and factors related to
health literacy among military conscripts in Chon-Buri Province. Systematic sampling was used to
recruited 364 new navy conscripts stationed at the Marine Corps Training Center and the Combat Air
Command and Coast Guard Training Center in Sattahip District, Chon-Buri Province. Data were
collected by questionnaires consisting of a health literacy scale, smoking behavior scale, alcohol
drinking behavior scale, sexual behavior scale, and stress scale. The data were analyzed by
percentages, means and standard deviations, and by Pearson correlation coefficients.
The results revealed that 48.1% of the sample reported insufficient levels of health literacy.
The most insufficient components were understanding, behavior change and continuation, and
interaction and questioning (54.9%, 38.7%, and 34.9%, respectively). Correlational analysis found that
sexual risk behavior (r = -.271), alcohol drinking (r = -.268), stress (r = -.173) and smoking (r = -.162)
were negatively correlated with health literacy (p < .05). Economic status was positively related to
health literacy (r = .154). The results suggest that army conscripts with high stress and risky health
behaviors are likely to have low health literacy and thus should receive activities to enhance health
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