Relationships between Personal Factors, Perceptions of Pregnancy Risk and Health Behaviors Among Women of Advanced Maternal Age
The purposes of this descriptive correlational research were to examine the level of health
behaviors and relationships between personal factors, perceptions of pregnancy risk and health
behaviors among women of advanced maternal age. The participants were 190 women age 35 or
over who were attending antenatal care service in three tertiary hospitals in eastern Thailand.
Convenience sampling was used to recruit the sample. Data were collected from January to June
2018. The research instruments were a demographic data record form, perception of pregnancy risk
questionnaire, and health behavior of advanced maternal age questionnaire. For the latter two,
reliabilities were .90 and .92 respectively. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and
Pearson’s correlation coefficient.
Results found that participants had a mean health behavior score of 141.34 (SD = 18.70),
which was considered a high level. Factors related to health behaviors were educational attainment
(r = .167, p < .05), family income (r = .200, p < .01) and gestational age (r = .151, p < .05). However,
perceptions of pregnancy risk had no significant correlation with health behaviors (r = .059, p > .05).
The findings of this study can be used as a basis for promoting health behaviors among women of
advanced maternal age. In particular, health care providers should consider personal factors. Although
perceptions of pregnancy risk had no correlation with health behaviors, in practice perceptions of
pregnancy risk should be screened during prenatal visits to provide basic information for planning
health promotion among women of advanced maternal age.
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