The Effects of a Symptom Management Program Combined with SKT Meditation on Dyspnea, Oxygen Saturation, and Anxiety Among Older People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

  • Orasa Pinkaew
  • Waree Kangchai
  • Sahattaya Rattanajarana
Keywords: Older people with COPD, dyspnea, oxygen saturation, anxiety, symptom management program


          This quasi-experimental research aimed to study the effects of a symptom management
program combined with SKT meditation on dyspnea, oxygen saturation, and anxiety among older
people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The sample was older people who had received
a diagnosis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and had been admitted to the in-patient
department of a general hospital, Chachoengsao province. The twenty-two subjects were randomly
assigned in equal numbers to the experimental group or the control group. The experimental group
received the symptom management program combined with SKT meditation, while the control group
received routine nursing care. Data were collected at pretest, posttest, and one month follow up.
Research instruments were the dyspnea visual analog scale, the pulse oximeter, and the state anxiety
inventory form. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and repeated measures ANOVA.
          The study indicated that mean scores of dyspnea and anxiety at posttest and follow-up of the
older people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in the experimental group had signifcantly
lower than in the control group (p < .05) and the mean scores of oxygen saturation at posttest
and follow-up were signifcantly higher than in the control group (p < .01). This study suggested that
registered nurses should apply the symptom management program combined with SKT meditation
for the older people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease to reduce the suffering from dyspnea
and anxiety, and to increase oxygen saturation level.


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How to Cite
Pinkaew, O., Kangchai, W., & Rattanajarana, S. (2021). The Effects of a Symptom Management Program Combined with SKT Meditation on Dyspnea, Oxygen Saturation, and Anxiety Among Older People with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. The Journal of Faculty of Nursing Burapha University, 29(2), 59-70. Retrieved from