The Effect of Program Enhancing Self-Effcacy in Self-Care on Allergy Prevention Behaviors Among School Age Children with Allergic Rhinitis
The purpose of this quasi-experimental research was to study the effect of program enhancing
self-effcacy in self-care on allergy prevention behaviors among school age children with allergic
rhinitis. The sixty participants were children aged 8-12 years with allergic rhinitis receiving health care
service at Charoenkrung Pracharak Hospital. Participants were randomly assigned equally into
experimental and control groups. The experimental group received the program enhancing selfeffcacy in self-care while the control group received routine care. Data were collected by preventive
behaviors for allergic rhinitis questionnaire, which yielded a reliability coeffcient of .80. Data were
analyzed by descriptive statistics and t-tests.
The results revealed that the post-test mean score of preventive behaviors for allergic rhinitis
was signifcantly higher in the experimental group than in the control group. Also, the post-test mean
score in the experimental group was signifcantly higher than the pre-test mean score (p < .05). The
conclusion is that nurses could apply this program among school age children with allergic rhinitis.
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