Relationships of Perceived Self-Effcacy, Lifestyle Stress, and Social Support to Health Behaviors in Adults with Acute Coronary Syndrome Post Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

  • Aeckapholpholladet Detkaew
  • Niphawan Samartkit
  • Khemaradee Masingboon
Keywords: Health behaviors, acute coronary syndrome, self-effcacy, lifestyle stress, social support

Abstract

          This descriptive correlational research aimed to examine the relationships of perceived
self-effcacy, lifestyle stress, and social support to health behaviors in adults with acute coronary
syndrome post percutaneous coronary intervention. The sample was 107 adults who routinely
followed up at the heart clinic in the outpatient department of a tertiary hospital, Bangkok. Data were
collected from December 2020 to March 2021. Instruments included a demographic record form,
the Thai version of the Cardiac Health Behavior Scale, the Thai version of the General Perceived
Self-Effcacy Scale, the Thai version of the Social Support of People with Coronary Heart Disease Scale,
and the Thai version of the Perceived Stress Scale. Reliability coeffcients were .85, .87, .95, and .85,
respectively. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Pearson’s product-moment correlation
coeffcient.
          The research results showed that perceived self-effcacy and social support had positive,
signifcant relationships to health behaviors (r = .714, p < .001; r = .639, p < .001 respectively), while
lifestyle stress had a negative, signifcant relationship to health behaviors (r = -.658, p < .001). The
fndings suggest that nurses should develop nursing programs for this type of patient to help them
benefcially modify health behaviors by increasing perceived self-effcacy and social support and by
reducing lifestyle stress in order to prevent recurrent coronary syndrome.

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Published
2021-06-30
How to Cite
Detkaew, A., Samartkit, N., & Masingboon, K. (2021). Relationships of Perceived Self-Effcacy, Lifestyle Stress, and Social Support to Health Behaviors in Adults with Acute Coronary Syndrome Post Percutaneous Coronary Intervention. The Journal of Faculty of Nursing Burapha University, 29(2), 71-80. Retrieved from https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/Nubuu/article/view/251862