Promoting Parenting Process in Caring for Preterm Infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: Student Nurse Experiences

  • Thongsouy Sitanon
  • Jinjutha Chaisena Dallas
  • Orawan Duangchai
Keywords: Promoting parenting process, student nurse, theoretical parenting model, inductive content analysis


          The purpose of this descriptive qualitative study was to describe student nurse experiences in
caring for parents of premature infants in a neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Twelve senior student
nurses who completed their NICU clinical practice participated in the study. A semi-structured interview
guide with open-ended questions used along with audio-taped recordings. After each interview, the
tape was transcribed verbatim. The data were analyzed using inductive content analysis.
          The results revealed that supporting parental care was the main category to describe the
student nurse experiences in the NICU. This main category consisted of three generie categories and
thisteen sub-categories. Three generic categories were encouraging parental visits, promoting parental
care, and supporting parents emotionally. Among thirteen sub-categories, fve sub-categories described
encouraging parental visits, two subcategories described supporting parents emotionally, and the rest
delineated promoting parental care.
           In conclusion, supporting parental care during infant hospitalization is an important role of
neonatal nurses in the NICU. These student experiences can be used to guide the pediatric clinical
practice course design to train student nurses to support parents of premature infants during
hospitalization. This is even more important when parental care delivery is restricted due to the
COVID-19 pandemic.


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How to Cite
Sitanon, T., Dallas, J. C., & Duangchai, O. (2021). Promoting Parenting Process in Caring for Preterm Infants in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: Student Nurse Experiences. The Journal of Faculty of Nursing Burapha University, 29(2), 81-94. Retrieved from