Epidemiology and Risk Factors of Esophageal Cancer


  • Somkiat Sunpaweravong Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Prince of Songkla University, Songkla, Thailand


Epidemiology, Esophageal Cancer, Risk Factor


Esophageal cancer is the eighth most common malignancy in the world. In general, squamous cell
carcinoma is more common than adenocarcinoma, except in the USA. The etiology of the cancer is multifactorial,
involving such things as smoking, alcohol, dietary habits, viral infections, GERD, environmental
carcinogens, and socioeconomic status. This review also shows factors that may protect against the development
of esophageal cancer such as a diet rich in fruits and vegetables or consumption of NSAIDs or helicobactor
pylori infection in adenocarcinoma.


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How to Cite

Sunpaweravong S. Epidemiology and Risk Factors of Esophageal Cancer. Thai J Surg [Internet]. 2010 Dec. 31 [cited 2023 Feb. 9];31(4). Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ThaiJSurg/article/view/227597



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