Factors Associated with the Preference to Undergo Mastectomy or Breast Conservation Surgery for the Treatment of Breast Cancer in Patents of A Tertiary Care Hospital Breast Clinic

Authors

  • Chumpon Wilasrusmee Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok Thailand
  • Nidej Kitisin Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok Thailand
  • Panuwat Lertsithichai Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok Thailand
  • Paisal Pongchairerks Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok Thailand
  • Jidapa Jarusinchai Department of Nursing Care, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Bangkok Thailand

Abstract

Objectives: 1) To identify significant demographic and certain psycho-social factors associated with the preference to undergo mastectomy or breast conservation surgery for the treatment of breast cancer in a sample of patients seen at a tertiary care hospital breast clinic. 2) To identify significant demographic and psycho-social factors associated with the preference to again undergo mastectomy or breast conservation surgery and the felt need for improvement of the external appearance by using prosthesis inserted beneath their brassier (PIB) or breast reconstruction.

Methods: A questionnaire consisting of items measuring demographic variables, preference to undergo mastectomy or breast conservation surgery, the felt need for PIB or breast reconstruction, perceived or actual problems with family, spouse, marriage, and self-confidence or self / body-image, was administered to a sample of patients falling into 2 groups: those with benign or malignant breast disease not yet surgically treated (203 patients) and those with breast cancer within 3 months or later than 1 year after mastectomy (60 patients). In all 263 questionnaires were distributed and returned. Data were analyzed separately for the two groups, using univariate analysis (chi-square), and multiple logistic regression analysis to identify factors associated with treatment preference for the untreated group, and canonical correlation analysis to identify factors associated with the combination of treatment preference and the felt need for PIB or breast reconstruction for the mastectomy group.

Results: Sixty-nine per cent of the untreated group preferred breast conservation to mastectomy for the treatment of breast cancer. Univariate and subsequent multiple logistic regression analysis for the untreated group revealed that only age (<40 years), problems with self/ body image (yes), marital status (single) and occupation (student or government officials) were significantly associated with the preference to undergo breast conservation surgery (odds rations [95% confidence interval] were 2.94 [1.5-5.75], 4.18 (1.88-9.31], 2.27 (1.14-4.52] and 2.68 [1.21-5.93)] respectively) In contrast, 71 per cent of the mastectomy group preferred mastectomy to breast conservation, through 45 per cent felt the need for PIB or breast reconstruction. Factors associated with preference to undergo breast conservation and need for PIB or breast reconstruction were age (<40 years), educational status (higher than high school), and (perceived) problems with self image (yes) (canonical loadings 0.35, 0.51, 0.61, respectively, overall canonical correlation = 0.64 (P-value 0.019, first root)).

Conclusion: Factors associated with the preference for mastectomy or breast conservation for the treatment of breast cancer include age, problems with self/ body image, marital status and occupation, in patients not yet treated for their breast problems. In post mastectomy patients, on the other hand, factors associated with the treatment preference and felt need for PIB or breast reconstruction include age, educational status, and problems with self/body image.

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References

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Published

1999-06-30

How to Cite

1.
Wilasrusmee C, Kitisin N, Lertsithichai P, Pongchairerks P, Jarusinchai J. Factors Associated with the Preference to Undergo Mastectomy or Breast Conservation Surgery for the Treatment of Breast Cancer in Patents of A Tertiary Care Hospital Breast Clinic. Thai J Surg [Internet]. 1999 Jun. 30 [cited 2022 Oct. 7];20(2):55-60. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/ThaiJSurg/article/view/247873

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Original Articles