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The purpose of this academic article is to establish the actuality of color theories, including those pertaining to primary colors, the mixing of colors, and color schemes. In particular, the traditional color theory that institutes the 3 primary colors red, yellow and blue as bases, which could not be formed through mixing of other colors, has been established as incorrect. This inaccuracy was first determined because in the present new technologies can make or produce many new colors. There are consequently 3 new primary colors magenta, cyan and yellow. Red can be mixed using magenta and yellow. Blue can be mixed using cyan and magenta. The 3 new primary colors were determined through subtractive mixing of reflected light.
Therefore, these 3 new primary colors have replaced the former. This change affects color theory regarding color schemes. Currently, if artists and designers want to create artwork using the principle of contrast in their composition, they may define or select complementary colors from the old color wheel, such as red and green, yellow and violet or blue and orange. These are different from the new complimentary colors. If they use the new color wheel, they will define complementary colors or pair contrast colors, such as magenta and green, cyan and red or yellow and blue.
This article expounds on the reliability of these theories according to experiments, proofs and rationalization. The results confirm the reliability of the 3 new primary colors magenta, cyan and yellow. The color wheel and color schemes should be defined using them.
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