1.1 Journal Aim and Scope
1.2 Article Types
1.3 Author Agreement Form
1.4 Peer Review Process (includes Manuscript Processing Flowchart)
1.5 Ethical Guidelines for Authors
1.6 Preparing a Manuscript
1.10 Process for Dealing with Allegations of Misconduct
1.12 Advertising and Marketing Policies
1.13 Revenue Sources
1.1 Journal Aim and Scope
The Thai Journal of Public Health aims to publish high quality original research and review articles in the disciplines of public health, which cover microbiology, biostatistics, nutrition and dietetics, food science for health, public health nursing, parasitology and entomology, public health administration, epidemiology, environmental health, health education and behavioral sciences, sanitary engineering, family health, occupational health and safety, community health, health promotion and disease prevention. We publish articles which address topics related to disease prevention, threats to human health, and the promotion of human health to prolong a healthy life, whereby health relates to physical, social and psychological well-being. All articles must be able to demonstrate that the work can benefit the general public by furthering the understanding of public health issues and by demonstrating its application to the advancement of public health. The public health implications of the findings must be made clear, and the work must be of interest to public health professionals and others who are engaged in the field of public health.
1.2 Article Types
We invite the submission of unpublished original research, review, perspective, and opinion articles which meet the Journal Aim and Scope. We also accept letters to the editor, concerning articles published in past issues of the Thai Journal of Public Health. All submissions should be prepared according to the instructions provided below.
1.3 Author Agreement Form
The corresponding author and other authors listed on the cover page must sign the Author Agreement Form, to indicate that all authors have approved the contents of the submitted manuscript and accept the journal’s copyright policy, and confirm that the work is not under review for publication elsewhere or has been published elsewhere. The author agreement form should be submitted with original research, review, perspective and opinion articles.
1.4 Peer Review Process
Manuscripts that pass the primary and secondary screening steps, outlined in the Manuscript Processing Flowchart, will be sent to 3 peer reviewers. This applies to all submissions which pass the screening steps, with the exception of letters to the editor. The journal operates a peer review process (double-blind) for all other types of manuscript. All chosen peer reviewers will be expert in the appropriate field of public health. Should your manuscript be sent for peer review, you can expect to receive the comments from each peer reviewer, regardless of the outcome of the review (reject, minor revision, major revision, accept). If your manuscript is sent for peer review, we aim to obtain and send peer reviewers’ comments back to authors within six weeks. If you are recommended to revise your manuscript, you are expected to address each of the comments received, and return your revisions in a timely manner within the due date stipulated by the editorial office. Not doing so may result in further delays, or you may have to re-submit your manuscript as a new submission and begin the whole peer review process again. Revisions to your manuscript must be underlined or shown in tracked changes, and we strongly recommended that authors provide an explanation of the revisions in the form of a cover letter. The cover letter should show the reviewers’ comments and an explanation of your revision or rebuttal alongside, which may be in the form of a two-column table . A template Cover Letter is available for authors’ use. Please also note that it is most common for manuscripts to be sent to reviewers more than one time. Moreover, if a reviewer declines to see a revised manuscript, we must seek a new reviewer.
aA major revision needs to be returned to the reviewers; examples of points that warrant major revision: Inclusion of extra literature or theory, clarification of the methods, and time-consuming improvement of arguments and conclusions. A minor revision means that the manuscript is close to being publishable and should not need to be re-reviewed by peer reviewers; examples of points that warrant minor revision include deleting redundant material and tweaking arguments.
bAfter acceptance for publication, proofs are prepared (formatted, checked for grammar and points that lack clarity). Any queries raised are noted on proofs which are then sent to the corresponding author, to allow a final check for any errors and improvement of any points that lack clarity.
1.5 Ethical Guidelines for Authors
The Thai Journal of Public Health operates in accordance with COPE (Committee of Publication Ethics) Core Practices (https://publicationethics.org/core-practices). All authors submitting a manuscript to the Thai Journal of Public Health must adhere to the ethical standards that are outlined in this section.
1.5.1 Declare author contributions
Every author of the manuscript must have made an academic contribution to the work. The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (https://www.icmje.org/recommendations/browse/roles-and-responsibilities/defining-the-role-of-authors-and-contributors.html) provides guidance on meeting the requirements for authorship. They recommend that authors have played a role in conceiving or designing the work, or collecting, analyzing or interpreting data; and contributed to the drafting or critical revision of the work; and approved the final version for publication; and agreed to take responsibility for the work in relation to its precision and integrity.
1.5.2 Disclose sources of funding
Authors must disclose the sources of funding, and declare whether or not the funder played a role in data analysis or interpretation. If there was no funding or no formally provided funding for the work, authors should state “The authors did not receive funding to carry out the work presented in this article.” or “The work presented in this article was self-funded.”
1.5.3 Declare conflicts of interest
All potential conflicts of interest, belonging to any of the authors, must be declared. These are usually relationships, connections or affiliations that could have influenced the results or the interpretation of the results.
1.5.4 Acknowledge any contributors who do not qualify for authorship
Individuals who made any type of contribution to the work at any stage (i.e. from the time the idea was conceived up to and including manuscript preparation), but who do not meet the requirements for authorship, must be acknowledged in an acknowledgements section.
1.5.5 Adhere to relevant codes of practice
The authors should demonstrate that they followed national and/or international codes of conduct while conducting their research. It is important for authors to state this in the methods section of their manuscript. Code of conduct declarations include statements relating to ethical approval and informed consent procedures for studies involving human subjects. Researchers who conduct studies with human volunteers must comply with the principles set out in the Declaration of Helsinki. If applicable, trial registration numbers should be given, along with reference to laboratory standards or other codes of practice, where applicable.
1.5.6 No plagiarism
Plagiarism of other authors’ work and the authors’ own work is strictly unacceptable. As part of the manuscript screening process, all submitted manuscripts will undergo a check for plagiarism. Any manuscript which does not pass this screening step will be returned to the author, along with the precise reason for the return. Authors are solely responsible for obtaining written permission to use any material (e.g. photograph, figure, etc.) that has been previously published in any medium (e.g. electronic, hard print, etc.). Permission must be sought prior to submission of the manuscript to the Thai Journal of Public Health. Evidence that permission to use reproduced material has been obtained must be uploaded on to the journal’s manuscript submission system at the time of initial submission. A Letter Template for Seeking Permission to Use Reproduced Material is available, which authors may use.
1.6 Preparing a manuscript
Submissions can be written in English or Thai. However, if written in Thai, any tables, figures and references must be in English. For Thai language original research manuscripts and reviews, there must also be an extended English abstract (500-600 words), with an English translation of the title and keywords. Letters to the editor which relate to a previously published Thai language article can be written in Thai or English. However, only English language letters to the editor must be written in response to an article that was published in English.
1.6.2 Formatting and style
Manuscripts should have 2.54 cm margins at all sides. Pages should have line numbers in the left-hand margin. Pages must also be numbered consecutively, in the bottom right-hand corner, starting from the title page. Probability values should be shown with a lower-case p (italics), for example p<0.05. For percentage distribution, authors should use one decimal point. For measures of average and data dispersion, such as mean and standard deviation, authors should use 2 decimal points. Authors are encouraged to sub-divide sections (e.g. Materials and Methods), if it improves the clarity of the manuscript. Any sub-titles within each section should be typed in italics, for example: Statistical Analysis.
1. Thai language manuscripts: Manuscripts that are written in Thai must be typed using Angsana font and apply single line spacing. The title should be typed using font size 20 and bold. Author names, affiliations and section titles should be typed using font size 18 and bold. The remaining text should be typed using font size 16 and regular.
2. English language manuscripts: Manuscripts that are written in English must be typed using Times New Roman font, and apply 1.5 line spacing. The title should be typed using font size 16 and bold. Authors, affiliations and section titles should be typed using font size 14 and bold. All other text should be typed using font size 12 and regular.
1.6.3 Length and structure
1. Original Research Articles: Original research must be presented in the following manner: title page, English language abstract (“Extended Abstract” if accompanying a Thai language manuscript) and keywords, Thai language abstract (Thai language manuscripts only) and keywords, introduction, materials and methods, results, discussion, conclusion, references, tables and/or figures.
2. Review Articles: We accept both narrative reviews and systematic reviews. The sections and subtitles used in a narrative review are flexible. In contrast, systematic reviews should have the following sections: introduction, methods, results, discussion, and conclusion. Both types of review should be submitted with a title page, English language abstract abstract (“Extended Abstract” if accompanying a Thai language manuscript) and keywords, Thai language abstract (Thai language manuscripts only) and keywords, and references. Most reviews will also contain tables and/or figures.
3. Perspective Articles: The sectioning of the main text is flexible, but perspectives should include a title page, main text and a list of references (if applicable). Perspectives can feature tables, figures, diagrams, illustrations, and photographs.
4. Opinion Articles: The sectioning of an opinion article is not fixed, but certain sections must be arranged in the following order: title page, main text and a list of references (if applicable). Tables, figures, diagrams, illustrations, and photographs may also be included.
5. Letters to the Editor: All letters to the editor must end with the academic title, full name and institutional affiliation of the writer. References can be included. Letters to the editor ordinarily contain 250-600 words.
1.6.4 Title page (content)
The manuscript title must identify and cover the main content of the article in a concise way (aim for no more than 15 words). Authors should be listed below the title. Superscript numbers should be used after each author name to show the affiliated address. The name and contact details (address, email, telephone number and fax) of the corresponding author should be shown. The title page should also include the email addresses of all co-authors. Author contributions, financial disclosures, conflicts of interest, acknowledgements, ethical approval statements and clinical trial registration numbers for research involving human subjects, or animals research approvals (if applicable) must be declared on the title page of the manuscript; guidance for the completion of these statements is provided in Ethical Guidelines for Authors. In addition, authors should scan and upload a copy of the ethical approval certificate or letter on to the manuscript submission system, for work that involved human subjects. Likewise, authors should upload evidence of approval by an animal research committee for work that involved animals.
1.6.5 Abstract, keywords, and bullet point panel (content)
An abstract and keywords should be created for original research and review articles.
Abstracts should be unstructured, typed on separate pages, and must not contain references. Abstracts should state the research objectives, methods, results, conclusions and recommendations. Manuscripts written in English must have a standard abstract written in English (250 words max.). Manuscripts written in Thai must have an extended abstract written in English (500-600 words) which contains more detail than a standard abstract and therefore improves the chances of international citation. Thai language manuscripts should also have a standard abstract written in Thai (max. 300 words).
Keywords (3 to 5) should be written underneath each abstract. The most effective keywords allow published articles to be easily discovered, therefore, keywords should be chosen carefully to clearly reflect the important content of the article. It is advisable to avoid choosing single words. Instead choose terms that are specific to your main topic of research and which frequently appear in the abstract and main text.
Bullet point panel
The panel has two subsections. The first subsection “What was Known” aims to: 1. inform the reader what we understood before you did your research. The second subsection “What is New and Next” aims to: 1. draw attention to the novel aspects of your research, and 2. suggest future research or action or application for your findings. This panel is important because it will help to increase the visibility of your article and will quickly convince the reader that your article was worth publishing and is worth citing.
Under “What was Known” construct 1 to 3 bullet points, each with a maximum of 100 characters including spaces. Likewise, under “What is New and Next” construct 1 to 3 bullet points, each with a maximum of 100 characters including spaces. Within your manuscript, What was Known and What is New and Next should be typed below your keywords. Bullet points must not contain acronyms or abbreviations and must not be copied and pasted sentences from the abstract. They must contain some of your keywords and be fully understandable without reading any other sections of your article.
1.6.6 Main text (content)
1. Original Research
The justification for the research and research question must be clearly identifiable in the introduction. The materials and methods section must describe the materials, equipment and research procedures with sufficient detail and accuracy. The results section must demonstrate appropriate analysis and presentation of research results, and results presented in tables/figures must be correct and clear. In the discussion section, authors must provide sufficient evidence-based reasons for their findings, and outline the limitations and strengths of their research, in addition to drawing comparisons with previous findings in this field. The conclusion must be appropriate and must indicate the public health implications of the findings and provide suggestion for future research.
- Narrative reviews must demonstrate that they are novel and necessary, provide a thorough overview and critique of an area of research, identify gaps in research knowledge, and assist in shaping new research questions. They must also be appropriate and balanced (not one-sided), cite original references, summarize information correctly, and include sufficient critical evaluation of the studies cited.
- All systematic reviews should essentially follow appropriate guidelines. The PRISMA guidelines (http://www.prisma-statement.org/) include a checklist and an example of a flow diagram used to show the article selection process; these documents contain information that is relevant to all types of systematic review. Authors may also refer to MOOSE guidelines for systematic reviews of observational studies, and ENTREQ guidelines for systematic reviews of qualitative studies. Systematic reviews must be novel and necessary, and must include sound rationale, address a clear question, clearly state the outcome(s) of interest, and demonstrate a comprehensive search for articles. A methods section should state the search terms and describe techniques (name article sources, such as bibliographic databases, and article evaluation criteria, including description of how article quality was assessed). A results section should cover the numbers of studies screened, included and excluded (including reasons for exclusion), and explicitly state the characteristics of studies. A discussion section should incorporate a summary of the evidence and its relevance to key groups, along with discussion of the limitations of the review. A conclusion section should include an interpretation of the findings, and suggestions for future research.
Must provide a new and unique viewpoint on present-day advances (e.g. innovations), issues or situations in a particular area of public health. The author’s perspective can be supported by anecdotal evidence or documentary evidence and citation of published work. Perspective articles extend knowledge and understanding of the topic they cover. The title should express the subject of the article in a concise, creative and engaging way. The article must contain sufficient background description, and adequate interpretation and analysis of the subject area. There should be satisfactory discussion of the strengths and limitations or pros and cons or successes and failures or challenges faced. The public health implications of the subject area must be clear. A perspective article should also contain sufficient suggestions for reform or modifications or recommendations or solutions, and culminate with a reasonable conclusion.
Must convey the author’s notions towards a hypothesis or theory that relates to public health. The opinions of the author can be supported by anecdotal evidence or personal professional experience. Its title should capture the topic in a concise, creative and engaging way. Opinion articles should provoke further debate and discourse between public health academics and professionals.
5. Letter to the Editor
Must provide a critical opinion of the findings presented in an original research article that has been published in a past issue of the Thai Journal of Public Health. Letters to the editor allow the author to express their viewpoint, which can be supported by anecdotal evidence or reference to previously published evidence.
1.6.7 Tables and figures
Tables and figures must be written in English and on separate pages. Any text and numbers in tables and figures should be typed in Times New Roman font, size 12. Tables and figures should be numbered consecutively using Arabic numerals. Both should be easily understandable without reading the main text, and must be mentioned at least once in brackets in the main text, for example: (Table 1),… (Figure 1).
1. Tables: Only a top rule, rule below the heading and bottom rule must be used. Column and row labels must be brief and clear and show units of measurement. Columns referring to sample number and percentage should include the labels n and %, respectively. For percentage distribution, authors should use one decimal point. For measures of average and data dispersion, such as mean and standard deviation, authors should use 2 decimal points. If footnotes are used, superscript Roman letters which link with the footnotes should be consecutively applied (e.g. a, b, c). Asterisks (*, **, etc.) should not be used in footnotes, as these are solely for denoting the level of statistical significance.
2. Figures: Figures include graphs/charts, diagrams and photographs or other images. Graphs/charts must be drawn using a computer program, such as MS Excel, GraphPad, etc. Photographs should be saved as JPEG or TIFF files. Diagrams drawn in MS Word can be submitted as DOC or DOCX files. Figures should be 600 dpi for grayscale and 1200 dpi for line art.
All references must be written in English and Vancouver referencing style. Number references in superscript in the order cited in the text. General claims can be supported using general sources (e.g. a review), but specific claims need to be supported by specific sources (e.g. research article(s)). References should only refer to respected sources, and unpublished data should not be cited. References must be verified by the author(s) against the original documents. For articles printed in a language other than English, indicate the language in parentheses after the article title. If a cited publication has more than 6 authors, list the first 6 authors followed by “et al.”. The title of a journal should be abbreviated according to the List of Journals Indexed in Index Medicus / NLM NIH. Telescope page numbers, e.g.1: 125-9, e.g.2: 181-95, should be used.
Examples of Referencing Style:
Srichan W, Uruwan Y, Kijboonchoo K, Thasanasuwan W. A comparison of bioelectrical impedance analysis with deuterium dilution technique for body fat assessment in school-age children. Journal of Public Health. 2014; 44 (3): 223-36. (In Thai)
Lalaeng T, Vatanasomboon P, Satheannoppakao W. Effects of health education program for changing snack consumption behavior among grade 5 students. Journal of Health Education 2019; 42(2): 12-22. (In Thai)
Reininger B, Mecca LP, Stine KM, Schultz K, Ling L, Halpern D. A type 2 diabetes prevention website for African Americans, Caucasians, and Mexican Americans: formative evaluation. JMIR Res Protoc 2013; 2(2): e24.
Abbass-Dick J, Xie F, Koroluk J, AlcockBrillinger S, Huizinga J, Newport A, et al. The development and piloting of an eHealth breastfeeding resource targeting fathers and partners as co-parents. Midwifery 2017; 50: 139-47.
Pangkanon S, Sawasdivorn S, Kuptanon C, Chotigeat U, Vandepitte W. Establishing of a national birth defects registry in Thailand. J Med Assoc Thai 2014; 97(6): S182-8.
McNulty B, Pentieva K, Marshall B, Ward M, Molloy AM, Scott JM, et al. Women's compliance with current folic acid recommendations and achievement of optimal vitamin status for preventing neural tube defects. Hum Reprod 2011; 26(6): 1530-6.
LaBrosse L, Albrecht JA. Pilot intervention with adolescents to increase knowledge and consumption of folate-rich foods based on the Health Belief Model. Int J Consum Stud 2013; 37(3): 271-8.
Murphy BL, Dipietro NA. Impact of a pharmacist-directed educational program on the long-term knowledge and use of folic acid among college women: a 12-month follow-up study. Pharm Pract (Granada) 2012; 10(2): 105-9.
Book and other monographs
APHA. Standard methods for the examination of water and wastewater. 21sted. Washington, D.C.: APHA-AWWA-WEF; 2005.
Bernstein M, Luggen AS. Nutrition for the older adult. Sudburry: Jones and Bartlett Publishers; 2010.
Gibson RS. Principles of nutritional assessment. New York: Oxford University Press; 2005.
Akepalakorn W, editor. The report of the Thailand National Health Examination Survey IV 2008-2009: Child’s health. Nonthaburi: The Graphico Systems; 2011. (In Thai)
Chapter in book
Bradley C. Measuring quality of life in diabetes. In: Marshall SM, Home PD, Rizza RA, eds. The diabetes annual 10. Amsterdam: Elsevier Science; 1996. p. 207-24.
World Health Organization. Ecosystems and human well-being: Health synthesis. A report of the millennium ecosystem assessment. Geneva: WHO; 2005.
Panjai P. Food sanitation situation and influencing factors in Phitsanulok municipality. [M.Sc. Thesis in Environmental Sanitation]. Bangkok: Faculty of Graduate studies, Mahidol University; 2014.
Ministry of Public Health, Department of Health, Thailand. Red-cheeked Thai women. Available from: http://nutrition.anamai.moph.go.th/ewt_news.php?nid=440, accessed 22 July, 2019.
World Health Organization. Tobacco free initiative. Policy recommendations for smoking cessation and treatment of tobacco dependence. Available from: https://www.who.int/tobacco/resources/ publications/tobacco_dependence/en.full, accessed 21 December, 2013.
Cramm NT, inventor. A device to simplify the conversion of bibliographic information into citation format. U.S. Patent no. 7 005 423. 13 September, 2005.
The full manuscript (including separate title page) , author agreement form, and scanned copy of the original ethical approval certificate/letter and/or animal research approval documentation, if applicable, should be submitted online to the editor via THAI JO which can be accessed at https://www.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/jph/ . Authors must first register (top right-hand corner of TCI-THAI JO home page) where upon they will then be able use a username and password to login to the system, upload and submit their documents.
1.8.1 Submission Fees
1.8.2 Publication Fees
Publication fees are tiered depending on the institution and country affiliation of the first author. World Bank GNI per capita country classifications can be viewed at:https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/906519-world-bank-country-and-lending-groups
1.8.3 Fee payment
Money should be transferred in to the savings account of Siam Commercial Bank (SCB), Siriraj Hospital Branch.
Account name: Mahidol University
Account number: 016-2-10322-3
All fees are non-returnable.
The copyright of all articles published in the Thai Journal of Public Health is owned by the Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Thailand.
1.10 Process for Dealing with Allegations of Misconduct
Misconduct covers: a submitted or published manuscript that is suspected to be a duplication of previously published work, suspected plagiarism in a submitted or published manuscript, suspected fabricated data in a submitted or published manuscript, suspected ghost, guest or gift authorship, suspected undisclosed conflict of interest, a suspected ethical issue, and where a peer reviewer is suspected of taking an author’s idea or data. If any such allegations of misconduct were to arise, they would be dealt with as outlined in the COPE guidelines. The journal’s process of responding to whistleblowers would also follow the COPE guidelines. These guidelines can be viewed and downloaded: https://doi.org/10.24318/cope.2019.2.26
If an author suspects that the editorial team has made a mistake or he/she does not agree with the editor’s final recommendation, the author may make an appeal. In which case, the author should write an appeals letter and send it directly to the Editor. The appeals letter should state the author’s case, including reasons why he/she believes that the editor made an erroneous decision. All appeal letters will be considered and discussed by at least three members of the editorial team, including the Editor. A decision will be taken as to whether the author’s manuscript should be re-reviewed or otherwise.
1.12 Advertising and Marketing Policies
We do not accept adverts either in the journal or on the journal's website or Facebook Fan Page.
1.13 Revenue Sources
Author submission and publication fees are used to fund the operational costs of the journal. These fees do not influence any decisions made by the editorial team.
The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.