Effects of Self–efficacy and Parenting Styles upon Grade 4 - 6 Students with Low and Average Academic Achievement

  • Chanarat Wannaprasert Graduate Student in Master of Science, Department of Child, Adolescent and Family Psychology, Faculty of Medicine, Ramathibodi Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, National Institute for Child and Family Development, Mahidol University
  • Suporn Apinuntavech Division of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Department of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, Siriraj Hospital, Mahidol University
  • Patcharin Seree National Institute for Child and Family Development, Mahidol University
Keywords: self-efficacy, academic self-efficacy, parenting style, academic achievement

Abstract

Self-efficacy and parenting styles are important for student’s learning. The objective was to study the effects of self-efficacy and parenting styles upon grade 4 – 6 students. The sample group consisted of 274 students obtained by stratified and simple random sampling who participated in the School Mental Health Project from 3 schools in Bangkok. Participants were divided in 2 groups: students with low academic achievement and those with average academic achievement. The assessments included Academic Self-efficacy Questionnaire and Parenting Style Questionnaire. The results were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Pearson’s Correlation Coefficient and Independent sample t-test. A significant correlation was found between academic self-efficacy and academic achievement at p = 0.01. Neglectful parenting style had a significantly negative correlationship with academic achievement at p = 0.01. On the other hand, authoritative, authoritarian and permissive parenting styles had no correlation with academic achievements. A significant difference was found regarding academic self-efficacy and neglectful parenting style between students who had low academic achievement and those with average academic achievement at p = 0.01. This study suggested that the main caretakers of children should apply these results in creating self-efficacy activities that would help students to learn better and more effectively.

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Published
2018-12-28
Section
Original Articles