Health Promotion Behaviors among Thai Elders in the Urban Area: The Banbu Community, Bangkok-Noi District, Bangkok

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Prangtip Ucharattana
Wattana Pansakd
Chaweewan Posre


Purpose: To explore health promotion behaviors among Thai elders in an urban area of Bangkok.

Design: Descriptive research.

Methods: A total of 154 elder residents living in the Banbu community, Bangkok was recruited. A structured questionnaire on health promotion behaviors was developed, and utilized. Descriptive statistics and Pearson’ s product moment correlation coefficient were used for data analysis.

Main finding: The majority of the elders were female (70.1%), witha mean age of 68.55 ± 6.49 years, and more than halfwere married (61.7%). The highest education level was elementary school (57.1%). Most were Buddhists (98.7%) and lived with their family (92.9%); had no occupation (74.7%); and had a mean income of 3,924.03 ± 5,641.68 baht. The majority ofincome was from their children. The top three diseases were hypertension (55.2%), diabetes mellitus (28.6%), and hyperlipidemia (27.3%). Most of them used Universal Coverage (58.4%). They needed help from family to go to hospital (51.3%), cooking (35.7%) and support from the community including health care information (53.9%), and setting activities to generate income (39.6%). Most elders revealed a moderate level of overall health promotion behaviors (X = 2.45 ± 0.23) including healthresponsibilities, nutrition, interpersonal relations, spiritual growth, and stress management. They reported a low level of physical activities (X = 1.95 ± 0.47). The top three of chronicdiseases were positively related to overall health behaviorsr = .239, p < .01; r = .194, r = .174, p < .05, respectively)

Conclusion and recommendations: Thai elderly in urban areas need to be encouraged into promoting all aspects of their health, especially physical activities. Health care providers can enhance self-care capability and collaborate with family and community to support health promotion behaviors in the elderly. This may contribute to elders living independently and maintaining their dignity.

Article Details

How to Cite
Ucharattana, P., Pansakd, W., & Posre, C. (2011). Health Promotion Behaviors among Thai Elders in the Urban Area: The Banbu Community, Bangkok-Noi District, Bangkok. Nursing Science Journal of Thailand, 29(3), 83–93. Retrieved from
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