Main Article Content
Purpose The present study aimed to investigate the effect of social cognitive theory factors on physical activities of Thai industrial workers.
Method The sample group consisted of 286 employees, who were the workers of VAS garment (Thailand) Co., Ltd., in Mahasarakham province. Data were collected using questionnaires created by the researcher. Comprising personal data, personal factor, behavioral factor, as well as knowledge and environment factor. The questionnaire was validated from 7 external experts with content validity of 0.85 and reliability (Cronbach’s alpha coefficient) of 0.73. The statistical analyses were performed and described as percentage, mean, and standard deviation.
Results Working characteristics were sitting and standing for 53.8% and 27.5%, respectively. Working period was 6 days per week with 9-12 hours on a daily basis. Personal factor, three first expectations were good personality, better movement, work outcome, and understand about physical activity and more support from family to participate in physical activity. Behavioral factor, none or less action was exercise or body movement after work for at least 10 min, exercise/sport for at least 30 min and exercise or body movement at free time for successive 10 min onwards. Knowledge and environmental factor of PA, the lacks were budget for application to fitness center or other physical activity clubs, special reward for outstanding health and physical activity and walking or cycling between workplace and accommodation.
Conclusion The main outcome expectations in PA factor were physical expectations, social support and more knowledge of physical activity. Behavioral factor was a lack of leisure time physical activity and environmental factors were the lacks of budget and special reward.
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