Main Article Content

Ronnaphop Chaoplaina
Tossaporn Yimlamai


Purpose : The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of eccentric complex training (ECC) versus traditional complex training (CON) on leg muscular performance in soccer players.

Methods : Twenty-six college soccer, aged range 18-22 years old, were allocated into either: ECC (n=13) or CON (n=13) group. The subjects were familiarized with the smith-machine squat technique training for 2 weeks before the experiment. Then, the ECC group completed 4 sets of a 4-reps of half-squat training at 120% 1RM, followed by plyometric exercise while the control group performed 4 sets of a 6-reps of half-training at 80% 1RM, followed by a plyometric exercise. Both groups trained twice a week for 6 weeks. Before and after 6-wk of training, muscle strength and power, 10-m and 20-m. speed, and agility were measured. Independent sample t-test and dependent sample t-test were applied, and a significant was set at p-value <.05.

Results : The results demonstrated that after 6 weeks of training, muscle strength, muscle powerand agility increased significantly (p<.05) in ECC group while only muscle strength was increased in CON group. Interestingly, a greater improvement of muscle strength was observed in EEC group compared to CON group.

Conclusion : ECC was likely more effective in enhancing leg muscular performance and agility, compared to the traditional complex training.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Chaoplaina, R., & Yimlamai, T. . (2020). THE EFFECT OF ECCENTRIC COMPLEX TRAINING ON LEG MUSCULAR PERFORMANCE IN SOCCER PLAYERS. Journal of Sports Science and Health, 21(3), 327–341. Retrieved from
บทความวิจัย (Research Article)


Aagaard, P., Simonsen, E. B., Andersen, J. L., Magnusson, P., & Dyhre-Poulsen, P. (2002). Increased rate of force development and neural drive of human skeletal muscle following resistance training. Journal of Applied Physiology, 93(4), 1318-1326.

Asadi, A., Arazi, H., Young, W. B., & de Villarreal, E. S. (2016). The Effects of Plyometric Training on Change-of-Direction Ability: A Meta-Analysis. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 11(5), 563-573.

Burgess, K. E., Connick, M. J., Graham-Smith, P., & Pearson, S. J. (2007). Plyometric vs. isometric training influences on tendon properties and muscle output. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 21(3), 986.

Chu, D. A., (1998). Jumping into plyometrics: Human Kinetics.

Cook, C. J., Beaven, C. M., & Kilduff, L. P. (2013). Three weeks of eccentric training combined with overspeed exercises enhances power and running speed performance gains in trained athletes. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 27(5), 1280-1286.

Cronin, J. B., & Hansen, K. T. (2005). Strength and power predictors of sports speed. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(2), 349-357.

Dalleau, G., Belli, A., Viale, F., Lacour, J.-R., & Bourdin, M. (2004). A simple method for field measurements of leg stiffness in hopping. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 25(03), 170-176.

Dartnall, T. J., Rogasch, N. C., Nordstrom, M. A., & Semmler, J. G. (2009). Eccentric muscle damage has variable effects on motor unit recruitment thresholds and discharge patterns in elbow flexor muscles. Journal of neurophysiology, 102(1), 413-423.

de Hoyo, M., Pozzo, M., Sañudo, B., Carrasco, L., Gonzalo-Skok, O., Domínguez-Cobo, S., & Morán-Camacho, E. (2015). Effects of a 10-week in-season eccentric-overload training program on muscle-injury prevention and performance in junior elite soccer players. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 10(1), 46-52.

de Hoyo, M., Sañudo, B., Carrasco, L., Mateo- Cortes, J., Domínguez-Cobo, S., Fernandes, O., Del Ojo, J. J., & Gonzalo-Skok, O. (2016). Effects of 10-week eccentric overload training on kinetic parameters during change of direction in football players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 34(14), 1380-1387.

Friedmann-Bette, B., Bauer, T., Kinscherf, R., Vorwald, S., Klute, K., Bischoff, D., Müller, H., Weber, M.-A., Metz, J., & Kauczor, H.-U. (2010). Effects of strength training with eccentric overload on muscle adaptation in male athletes. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 108(4), 821-836.

Higbie, E. J., Cureton, K. J., Warren, G. L., 3rd, & Prior, B. M. (1996). Effects of concentric and eccentric training on muscle strength, cross-sectional area, and neural activation. Journal of Applied Physiology (1985),81(5), 2173-2181. doi:10.1152/jappl.1996.81.5.2173

Hodgson, M., Docherty, D., & Robbins, D. (2005). Post-activation potentiation. Sports Medicine, 35(7), 585-595.

Hortobagyi, T., Hill, J. P., Houmard, J. A., Fraser, D. D., Lambert, N. J., & Israel, R. G. (1996). Adaptive responses to muscle lengthening and shortening in humans. Journal of Applied Physiology, 80(3), 765-772.

Lindstedt, S., LaStayo, P., & Reich, T. (2001). When active muscles lengthen: properties and consequences of eccentric contractions. Physiology, 16(6), 256-261.

Little, T., & Williams, A. G. (2005). Specificity of acceleration, maximum speed, and agility in professional soccer players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19(1), 76-78.

Malisoux, L., Francaux, M., & Theisen, D. (2007). What do single-fiber studies tell us about exercise training? Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, 39(7), 1051-1060.

Maroto-Izquierdo, S., García-López, D., Fernandez- Gonzalo, R., Moreira, O. C., González- Gallego, J., & de Paz, J. A. (2017). Skeletal muscle functional and structural adaptations after eccentric overload flywheel resistance training: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 20(10), 943-951.

McNeely, E. (2005). Introduction to plyometrics: Converting strength to power. NSCA’s Performance Training Journal, 6(5), 19-22.

Negra, Y., Chaabene, H., Amara, S., Jaric, S., Hammami, M., & Hachana, Y. (2017). Evaluation of the Illinois Change of Direction Test in Youth Elite Soccer Players of Different Age. Journal of Human Kinetics, 58(1), 215-224.

Negra, Y., Chaabene, H., Stöggl, T., Hammami, M., Chelly, M. S., & Hachana, Y. (2016). Effectiveness and time-course adaptation of resistance training vs. plyometric training in prepubertal soccer players. Journal of Sport and Health Science, 1-8.

Potteiger, J. A., Lockwood, R. H., Haub, M. D., Dolezal, B. A., Almuzaini, K. S., Schroeder, J. M., & Zebas, C. J. (1999). Muscl power and fiber characteristics following 8 weeks of plyometric training. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 13, 275-279.

Roig, M., O’Brien, K., Kirk, G., Murray, R., McKinnon, P., Shadgan, B., & Reid, D. W. (2009). The effects of eccentric versus concentric resistance training on muscle strength and mass in healthy adults: a systematic review with meta-analyses. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 43, 556-568.

Schoenfeld, B. J. (2010). The mechanisms of muscle hypertrophy and their application to resistance training. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research,24(10), 2857-2872.

Spiteri, T., Nimphius, S., Hart, N. H., Specos, C., Sheppard, J. M., & Newton, R. U. (2014). Contribution of strength characteristics to change of direction and agility performance in female basketball athletes. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 28(9), 2415-2423.

Stølen, T., Chamari, K., Castagna, C., & Wisløff, U. (2005). Physiology of soccer. Sports Medicine, 35(6), 501-536.

Thomas, K., French, D., & Hayes, P. R. (2009). The effect of two plyometric training techniques on muscular power and agility in youth soccer players. The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 23(1), 332-335.

Vogt, M., & Hoppeler, H. H. (2014). Eccentric exercise: mechanisms and effects when used as training regime or training adjunct. Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(11), 1446-1454.