Main Article Content
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate and compare contrast versus complex training on leg muscular power, speed and jumping performance in male basketball players.
Methods: Thirty male basketball players, aged between 18-25 years, from Chulalongkorn University were recruited. The participants, matched by relative strength, were randomly assigned into 2 groups (n=15 each group). In the group 1, the participants performed a contrast training, while the group 2 performed a complex training, twice a week for 8 weeks. Before and after 8-week of training, reactive strength index, peak power, peak vertical ground reaction force, peak velocity, speed 5-meter and 10-meter sprint test, vertical jump and one-step jump were determined. Data were analyzed using One-way analysis of variance with repeated measure and Kruskal-Wallis test and multiple comparison by the Bonferroni and Independent sample t-test and Mann-Whitney test to determine the statistical significance level at p-value < .05.
Results: (1) After 8 weeks of training, group 1 showed significant higher (p<.05) in relative strength, peak power, peak velocity, speed than before training. (2) After 8 weeks of training the group 2 showed significant higher (p<.05) in relative strength, peak power than before 8 weeks training (3) After 8 weeks of training, both group did not reach statical significant in relative strength, peak power, peak velocity, speed and jumping performance
Conclusion: A 8-week of contrast training, twice a week, is more effective for improving leg muscular power, speed and jumping performance in male basketball players. Hence, contrast training can be used for enhancing leg muscular performance.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Anderson, C. E., Sforzo, G. A., & Sigg, J. A. (2008). The effects of combining elastic and free weight resistance on strength and power in athletes. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 22(2), 567–574. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181634d1e
Apanukul, S., & Sanpasitt, C. (2021). The Acute Effects on Rate of Force Development and Vertical Jump Performance Induced by Various Contrast Training Methods in Varsity Basketball Players. Journal of Exercise Physiology Online, 24(5), 29-38.
Argus, C. K., Gill, N. D., Keogh, J. W., Blazevich, A. J., & Hopkins, W. G. (2011). Kinetic and Training Comparisons Between Assisted, Resisted, and Free Countermovement Jumps. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 25(8), 2219-2227.
Argus, C. K., Gill, N. D., Keogh, J. W., McGuigan, M. R., & Hopkins, W. G. (2012). Effects of two contrast training programs on jump performance in rugby union players during a competition phase. International journal of sports physiology and performance, 7(1), 68-75.
Baker, D. (2001). Acute and long – term power responses to power training: Obeservation on the training of an elite power athelete. National Strength and conditioning Association Journal, 23(1), 47-56.
Baechle, T.A., and Earle, R.W. (2000). Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning, 2nded. New York: Human Kinetics Publishers, Inc.
Ben Abdelkrim, N., El Fazaa, S., & El Ati, J. (2007). Time-motion analysis and physiological data of elite under-19-year-old basketball players during competition. British journal of sports medicine, 41(2), 69–75. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2006.032318
Bompa, T. (1999). Periodizaiotn: Theory and methodologu of training (4th ed.). Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.
Cormier, P., Freitas, T. T., Rubio-Arias, J. Á., & Alcaraz, P. E. (2020). Complex and contrast training: does strength and power training sequence affect performance-based adaptations in team sports? A systematic review and meta-analysis. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 34(5), 1461-1479.
Docherty, D., Robbins, D., & Hodgson, M. (2004). Complex Training Revisited: A Review of its Current Status as a Viable Training Approach. Strength and Conditioning Journal, 26(6), 52-57.
Ebben, W. P., Watts, P. B. (1998). A review of combined weight training and plyometric training modes: complex training. Strength and Conditioning, 20(5), 18-29.
Franco-Márquez, F., Rodríguez-Rosell, D., González-Suárez, J. M., Pareja-Blanco, F., Mora-Custodio, R., Yañez-García, J. M., & González-Badillo, J. J. (2015). Effects of Combined Resistance Training and Plyometrics on Physical Performance in Young Soccer Players. International journal of sports medicine, 36(11), 906–914.
García-Pinillos, F., Martínez-Amat, A., Hita-Contreras, F., Martínez-López, E. J., & Latorre-Román, P. A. (2014). Effects of a contrast training program without external load on vertical jump, kicking speed, sprint, and agility of young soccer players. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 28(9), 2452–2460.
Hodgson, M., Docherty, D., & Robbins, D. (2005). Post-activation potentiation. Sports medicine, 35(7), 585-595.
Jackson, K. A. (2010). A Comparison of Training Modalities on Vertical Jump Performance in Recreationally Trained College Males.
Karp, J. R. (2001). Muscle fiber types and training. National Strength and conditioning Association Journal, 23(5), 21-26.
Latorre Román, P. Á., Villar Macias, F. J., & García Pinillos, F. (2018). Effects of a contrast training programme on jumping, sprinting and agility performance of prepubertal basketball players. Journal of Sports Sciences, 36(7), 802-808.
Maio Alves, J. M. V., Rebelo, A. N., Abrantes, C., & Sampaio, J. (2010). Short-Term Effects of Complex and Contrast Training in Soccer Players' Vertical Jump, Sprint, and Agility Abilities. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 24(4), 936-941.
McClenton, L. S., Brown, L. E., Coburn, J. W., & Kersey, R. D. (2008). The effect of short-term VertiMax vs. depth jump training on vertical jump performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 22(2), 321-325.
McInnes, S. E., Carlson, J. S., Jones, C. J., & McKenna, M. J. (1995). The physiological load imposed on basketball players during competition. Journal of sports sciences, 13(5), 387–397.
O’Shea, P. (2000). Quantum strength fitness II gaining the winning edge. Oregon: Patricks books.
Rajamohan, G., Kanagasabai, P., Krishnaswamy, S., & Balakrishnan, A. (2010). Effect of complex and contrast resistance and plyometric training on selected strength and power parameters. Journal of Experimental Sciences, 1, 1-12.
Roden, D., Lambson, R., & DeBeliso, M. (2014). The effects of a complex training protocol on vertical jump performance in male high school basketball players. Journal of Sports Science, 2, 21-26.
Santos, E. J., & Janeira, M. A. (2008). Effects of complex training on explosive strength in adolescent male basketball players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 22(3), 903-909.
Scott, D. J., Ditroilo, M., & Marshall, P. A. (2017). Complex Training: The Effect of Exercise Selection and Training Status on Postactivation Potentiation in Rugby League Players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 31(10), 2694-2703.
Sheppard, J. M., Dingley, A. A., Janssen, I., Spratford, W., Chapman, D. W., & Newton, R. U. (2011). The effect of assisted jumping on vertical jump height in high-performance volleyball players. Journal of science and medicine in sport, 14(1), 85–89.
Spineti, J., Figueiredo, T., Assis, M., Miranda, H., VM, M. D. R. R., & Simão, R. (2015). Comparison between traditional strength training and complex contrast training on repeated sprint ability and muscle architecture in elite soccer players. The Journal of sports medicine and physical fitness, 56(11), 1269-1278.
Tran, T. T., Brown, L. E., Coburn, J. W., Lynn, S. K., & Dabbs, N. C. (2012). Effects of assisted jumping on vertical jump parameters. Current sports medicine reports, 11(3), 155-159.
Tufano, J. J., Malecek, J., Steffl, M., Stastny, P., Hojka, V., & Vetrovsky, T. (2018). Field-based and lab-based assisted jumping: unveiling the testing and training implications. Frontiers in physiology, 9, 1284.
Turner, A. P., Unholz, C. N., Potts, N., & Coleman, S. G. (2012). Peak power, force, and velocity during jump squats in professional rugby players. Journal of strength and conditioning research, 26(6), 1594–1600.
Umberger, B. R. (1998). Mechanics of the vertical jump and two-joint muscles: Implications for training. Strength and conditioning, 20, 70-74.
Vuk, S., Markovic, G., & Jaric, S. (2012). External loading and maximum dynamic output in vertical jumping: the role of training history. Human movement science, 31(1), 139–151.
Weineck, J. (1990). Functional anatomy in sport. 2nd ed. St. Louis: Mosby – Year Boo.
Weber, K. R., Brown, L. E., Coburn, J. W., & Zinder, S. M. (2008). Acute effects of heavy-load squats on consecutive squat jump performance. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 22(3), 726-730.
Wen, N., Dalbo, V. J., Burgos, B., Pyne, D. B., & Scanlan, A. T. (2018). Power Testing in Basketball: Current Practice and Future Recommendations. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 32(9), 2677-2691.