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Purpose: The purpose of this research was to study the scapular muscle training program effect to smash performance in badminton athletes.
Methods: The sample consisted of 16 badminton players between the ages of 14-18, both males and females, divided into 2 groups, 8 persons each group. The control group practicing regular badminton whereas the experimental group perform regular badminton training together with supplementing the scapula muscle training program for 3 days per week for 6 weeks. Test the strength of the scapula muscles, shoulder angular velocity and the badminton racket velocity before and after trained. Compare the average and Standard deviation before and after training and between groups by testing the t values. The level of statistically significant difference for analyses was set at p <0.05.
Results: (1) Both the experimental group and the control group significant increase in the strength of the scapula muscles but only the experimental group found a significant increase in the badminton racket velocity. (2) The experimental group showed a significant increase in the strength of the scapula muscles in both Middle trapezius, Lower trapezius and Rhomboid muscles (p = 0.01, 0.01 and 0.02 respectively).
Conclusion: The scapular muscle training program enhance the strength of the scapular muscle strength. It was found that the experimental group had more muscle growth around the scapular than the control group. Moreover there is a significant increase in the badminton racket velocity.
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