Main Article Content
Purpose: The purpose of this research was to compare methods of physical recovery after training with static stretching, water stretching, ice massage, and applied Thai massage that had blood lactate and heart rate in football players.
Methods: This research utilized a conditional counterbalanced design with 16 subjects, which were divided into 4 experimental groups and each group conducted 4 experiments times by alternating methods of physical recovery once a week. Included for a period of 4 weeks, then presented in the form of an accompanying table and essay, including finding the mean, standard deviation (S.D.), also analyzed repeated measures ANOVA with repeated measures and compared the differences in pairs by using Tukey's method.
Results: Physical recovery was observed after training with static stretching (SS), ice massage (IM), applied Thai massage (MTM), and water stretching (WS). It was found that blood lactate concentration and heart rate decreased significantly at the .05 level. Comparing the concentration of lactate in the blood after physical recovery after training using different methods. The concentration of lactate in the blood after physical recovery with SW was different from SS, IM, and MTM with statistical significance at the .05 level. The average heart rate after recovery with SS was different from WS, IM, and MTM with statistical significance at the .05 level.
Conclusion: Physical recovery after football player training through water stretching has more effectively reduced blood lactate concentration and heart rate than ice massage, applied Thai massage, and static stretching.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Baptista, I., Johansen, D., Seabra, A., & Pettersen, S. A. (2018). Position specific player load during match-play in a professional football club. PloS one, 13(5), e0198115. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0198115
Dejphratham, P. (2017). Exercise in water. (Online). Retrieved February 2, 2022, from Master Senior Home Elderly Care Center Website: https://www.masterseniorhome.com/th/articles/16275
Gupta, S., Stanula, A., Goswami, A., Adhikari, A., Singh, A. & Ostrowski, A. (2022). Relationship between cycling speed and blood lactate level at various intervals following 1-km time trial cycling. Journal of Kinesiology and Exercise Sciences, 32(98), 29-36. doi: 10.5604/01.3001.0015.8589.
Hongsuwan, C., Eungpinichpong, W. and Chatchawan, U. (2014). The effects of applied Thai massage on physical fitness among athletes: A pilot study. Journal of Medical Technology and Physical Therapy, 26(2). 197-204.
Inbar O., Bar Or O., & Skinner, J. S. (1996). The Wingate Anaerobic Test. Chaimpaign, IL: Kinetics.
Izreen, S., Zaiton, Z., Oteh, M., Amilia, A. & Nor, A. M. M. N. (2013). Effects of Swedish massage therapy on blood pressure, heart rate, and inflammatory markers in hypertensive women. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2013(1), 1–8. doi:10.1155/2013/171852.
Jadczak, L., Grygorowicz, M., Wieczorek, A., & Sliwowski, R. (2019). Analysis of static balance performance and dynamic postural priority according to playing position in elite soccer players. Gait & Posture, 74, 148–153.
Kafrawi, F.R., Julianto and Hidayati, F. (2022). Development of a model of recovery origin of modification of exercise massage and muscle strength on reducing lactic acid in blood for partner football players Surabaya. Education and Human Development Journal. 7(2), 64-76. doi: 10.33086/ehdj.v7i2.
Kamutsri, T. (2017). Physical Fitness Conditioning (Revised ed.). Bangkok: Media Press.
Kraiwong, P. (2006). Effects of stretching in water and sauna recovery program upon lactic acid in level in blood after interval exercise. Master’s Thesis, Graduate School, Kasetsart University. Bangkok.
Mahmoud, F. S. A. (2016). Effects of a rehabilitation exercises program (dry land / in-water) with massage on the calf partial rupture in soccer players. Assiut Journal of Sport Science and Arts, 416(4), 583-606. doi:10.21608/AJSSA.2016.70741.
Nathan, G. V., Shona, L. H. & Brian, T. D. (2013). Water immersion recovery for athletes: effect on exercise performance and practical recommendations. Sports Medicine, 43(11), 1101–1130. doi:10.1007/s40279-013-0063-8.
Ningsih, Y. F., Kurniasih, F., Puspitaningrum D. A., Mahmudi, K. and Wardoyo, A. A. (2017). The Effect of Sport Massage and Thai Massage to Lactic acid and Pulse Decreased. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science (IJAERS). 4(12), 92-98. Doi:10.22161/ijaers.4.12.16.
Nuttouch, W. & Hiruntrakul, A. (2021). The comparison of muscles stretching and ice massage on lactic acid levels in half time interval football match. College of Asian Scholar Journal, 11(2), 1-10.
Pattamaranggoul, W. & Singlumpong, Y. (2018). A Comparative study of different techniques in recovery period of physical fitness of athletics. Academic Journal Institute of Physical Education, 10(1), 90-102.
Pau, M., Porta, M., Arippa, F., Pilloni, G., Sorrentino, M., Carta, M., Mura, M., & Leban, B. (2019). Dynamic postural stability, is associated with competitive level, in youth league soccer players. Physical Therapy in Sport, 35, 36–41. doi: 10.1016/j.ptsp.2018.11.002
Peiffer, J. J. (2010). Effect of cold-water immersion on repeated 1-km cycling performance in the heat. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 13(1), 112-116. doi: 10.1016/j.jsams.2008.08.003.
Permptch, S. (2008). Effects of ice assage, ice massage with water immersion and ice massage with aquatic exercise upon the recovery of muscle after exercise induce delayed onset muscle soreness. Master’s Thesis, Graduate School, Kasetsart University. Bangkok.
Physical Education Department. (2017). Physical fitness field test Football-Futsal Volleyball Badminton. Bangkok: Sun Packaging Co.Ltd.
Ryan, D., Lewin, C., Forsythe, S., & McCall, A. (2018). Developing world-class soccer players: an example of the academy physical development program from an English premier league team. Strength & Conditioning Journal, 40(3), 2–11. doi: 10.1519/SSC.0000000000000340
Sangtongjaraskul, S. (2021). All about cardiovascular reflexes: Anesthesiologists need to know. Thai Journal of Anesthesiology, 47(1), 57-63.
Sport Science Bureau. (2018). Stretching the muscles with sports science principles in athletes (Online). Retrieved February 2, 2023, from Department of Physical Education Website: https://www.dpe.go.th/dwl-preview-401891791937
Sriramatr, S. (2012). Principles of sports training for sports instructors. Bangkok: Chulalongkorn University Press. 4th edition.
Supa'at, I., Zakaria, Z., Maskon, O., Aminuddin, A., & Nordin, N. A. (2013). Effects of Swedish massage therapy on blood pressure, heart rate, and inflammatory markers in hypertensive women. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine: eCAM, 2013, 171852. https://doi.org/10.1155/2013/171852
Thongho, I. (2016). Effect of recovery after exercise methods on lactic acid in the blood, heart rate and anaerobic performance in athletes. Master’s Thesis, Faculty of Sports Science, Bulapha University, Chonburi.
Walton, T. (2011). Medical conditions and massage therapy: A decision tree approach. (pp.12-15). United States of America. Jones & Bartlett Learning.
Wang, C.H., Lin, C.C., Moreau, D., Yang, C.T., & Liang, W.K. (2020). Neural correlates of cognitive processing capacity in elite soccer players. Biological Psychology, 157, 107971. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2020.107971
Yuni, F. N., Fitria, K., Dyah, A. P., Kendid, M. & Arik, A. W. (2017). The effect of sport massage and thai massage to lactic acid and pulse decreased. International Journal of Advanced Engineering Research and Science (IJAERS), 4(12), 92-98. doi:10.22161/ijaers.4.12.16.