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The objectives of this research were to examine preconception health behaviors and determine influencing of perception of pregnancy risk, knowledge and attitude toward Preconception care (PCC) on preconception health behaviors among pregnant women.
A simple random sampling technique was used to recruit 109 pregnant women who visited antenatal care clinic at Si SaKet hospital from July to September, 2017. Self-report questionnaires of perception of pregnancy risk, knowledge and attitude toward PCC, and preconception health behaviors were used to collect data. Their reliability ranged from .76-.89. Data were analysed by using descriptive statistics and standard multiple regression analysis.
The results showed that the overall preconception health behaviors were at a low level ( = 6.7, SD = 2.5, total score = 16). Preconception health behavior that mostly practiced was no substance abused (91.7%), and the behavior that was least practiced were folic acid intake (3.7%). Perception of pregnancy risk, knowledge and attitude toward PCC accounted for 17.8% of variance prediction (Adjusted R2= .155, F2,108 = 7.58, p< .001). Perceived risk of pregnancy had the greatest influence (β = .292, p< .01), and followed by knowledge toward PCC (β = .263, p< .05). These Findings suggest that health care providers should campaign to promote women's perception of pregnancy risk, knowledge toward PCC, and organize activities to increase the practice of preconception health behavior among women.
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