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The purpose of study was to examine cultural beliefs regarding pregnancy and healthcare behaviors of Cambodian pregnant migrant laborers. A multi-stage random sampling was used to recruit 180 Cambodian women who received antenatal care services in Sa Kaeo Province. Data were carried out from August 2016 to March 2017. Research instruments were interviews, including a demographic questionnaire, the pregnant women’s healthcare behavior, and the cultural beliefs regarding pregnancy questionnaire. Their Cronbach’s alpha reliabilities were .73 and .78, respectively. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, Independent t-test, and One-way ANOVA.
The results revealed that the sample had mean score of cultural beliefs regarding pregnancy at moderate level (M = 45.11, SD = .14) and the healthcare behaviors at moderate level as well (M = 3.32, SD = .22). The participants who lived in Thailand ≥13 months had healthcare behaviors more than who lived in Thailand ≤ 12 months (p < .05). The participants who cannot communicate in Thai language at all had healthcare behavior lower than who can communicate in Thai language all level (p < .05). The participants with low level of cultural beliefs about pregnancy had healthcare behaviors more than others with high level of cultural beliefs (p < .05). However, the aged sample and parity had no difference of healthcare behaviors (p > .05). Nurses or health care providers should promote healthcare behaviors of pregnant migrant laborers, especially who live in Thailand less than 12 months, cannot communicate in Thai language, and had high cultural beliefs.
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