Influencing of Psychosocial Factors on Happiness among Community-Dwelling Older Adults

Main Article Content

ภาวิดา พันอินากูล
ภรภัทร เฮงอุดมทรัพย์
ดวงใจ วัฒนสินธุ์



            This predictive correlational study aimed to examine happiness and determine its influencing factors among the older adults residing. A simple random sampling was used to recruit a sample of 107 older adults residing in Pluagdang sub-district community, Rayong province. Research instruments were a demographic record form, the happiness questionnaire, the perceived self-efficacy questionnaire, the optimism questionnaire, the resilience questionnaire, and the family relationship questionnaire. Their Cronbach’s alpha reliability were .81, .80, .70, .80, and .82, respectively. Descriptive statistics, Pearson’s correlation coefficients, and Stepwise multiple regression analysis were employed for data analyses.

          The results revealed that the sample reported happiness at a high level (M = 4.72, SD = .18). Optimism and resilience together accounted for 18.6% of variance in prediction of happiness. The best predictor was optimism (b = .728, p < .001), and followed by resilience (b = .202, p < .01). Whereas perceived self-efficacy and family relationship could not predict happiness (p > .05). These findings could be used as baseline data for the health personnel including nurses to plan and develop a program to enhance happiness by placing an emphasis on promoting optimism and resilience among these older adults.


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details




Achat, H., Kawachi, I., Spiro, A., Demolles, D. A., & Sparrow, D. (2000). Optimism and
depression as predictors of physical and mental health functioning:
The normative aging study. Annals of Behavior Medicine, 22, 127-130.

Argyle, M., & Martin, M. (1991). The psychological causes of happiness. In F. Strack, M.
Argyle & N. Schwarz (Eds.), Subjective Well-being an Interdisciplinary
Perspective (pp. 77-100). Oxford: Pergamon.

Boonroungrut ,C. (2009).The spiritual well-being and happiness in the elderly at
Ban Bangkhae social welfare development center. Master thesis, Psychiatry, Chulalongkorn University. [In Thai]

Chansukitmathee, S. (1997). Quality of life in the elderly with benign prostatic
hyperplasia. Master thesis, Adult nursing, Graduate school, Mahidol
University. [In Thai]

Diener, E., Suh, E. M., Lucas, R. E., & Smith, H. L. (1999). Subjective well-being: Three
decades of progress. Psychological Bulletin, 125, 276-302.

Harabut, P. (2008). Factors influencing health-promoting behaviors of elderly people
in Khockjaroen District, Lopburi Province. Master Thesis, Family Nursing,
Faculty of Nursing, Burapha University. [In Thai]

Hengudomsub, P., Kangchai, W., & Pathumarak, N. (2011). Physical and mental health
relationships in community-dwelling older adults, The Journal of Nursing,
Burapha University, 19 (Suppl 2), 107-118. [In Thai]

Karademas, E. C. (2007). Positive and negative aspects of well-being: Common and
specific predictors. Personality and Individual Differences, 43(2), 277-287.

Kulprasutidilok, A., Jirawongnusorn, S., Chitmanasak, N., & Supawantanakul, D.
(2014). Path analysis of factors affecting quality of life in the elderly in Bang
Khen district, Bangkok. Journal of Health Science Research, 2, 35-46. [In Thai]

Leung, C. (2005). Convivial communication: Recontextualizing communicative
competence. International Journal of Applied Linguistics, 15(2), 119-144.

MacLeod, S., Musich, S., Hawkins, K., Alsgaard, K., & Wicker, E. (2016). The impact of
resilience among older adults. Geriatric Nursing, 37, 266-272.

Namarak, R. (2015). Family factors influencing exercise and eating behavior among
elderly with overweight in Muang District, Nakhonprathom. Master thesis,
Family Nurse Practitioner, Faculty of Nursing, Burapha University. [In Thai]

National Statistical Office of Thailand. (2014). The survey of Thai older population
in the year 2014. National Statistical Office of Thailand: Bangkok. [In Thai]

Phathong ,W. (2004). Effects of an optimism development program on happiness of
hypertensive patients. Master thesis, Counseling Psychology, Graduate
School, Chiang Mai University. [In Thai]

Praparpak, W., & Choowatanapakorn, T. (2012). Resilience, social support, coping and
quality of life of older persons with stroke. Journal of Police Nurse, 4(2),

Rukchat, S. (2005). The self-health care practices and quality of life of the elderly in
Chaingmai. Master thesis, Arts (Community Research and Development),
Rajabhat Institute Chiang Mai. [In Thai]

Scheier, M. F., Carver, C. S., & Bridges, M. W. (1994). Distinguishing optimism from
neuroticism (and trait anxiety, self-mastery, and self-esteem): A re-evaluation of
the Life Orientation Test. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67,

Sukmak ,W., Sirisoonthorn, A., & Meena, P. (2002). Validity of the general self-efficacy
scale. Journal of the Psychiatric Association of Thailand, 47(1), 31-37.

Suksawat, B. Hengudomsub, P., & Nabkasorn, C. (2017). The effects of group cognitive
behavioral modification program on hope and depression among
community-dwelling older adults. The Journal of Faculty of Nursing,
Burapha University, 25(1), 95-107. [In Thai]

Thumcharoen, W. (2012). The influence of external and internal factors on happiness
of the elderly. Master Thesis, Applied Statistics, National Institute of
Development Administration.

Vapattanawong, P., Hogan, M. C., Hanvoravongchai, P., Gakidou, E., Vos, T.,
Lopez, A. D., & Lim, S. S. (2007). Reductions in child mortality levels and
In equalities in Thailand: Analysis of two censuses. Lancet, 10(369), 850-

Wagnlid, G. M., & Young, H. M. (1993). Development and psychometric evaluation of
the resilience scale. Journal of Nursing Measurement, 1, 165-178.