Main Article Content
The purpose of this quasi-experimental research was to examine effects of the self- care competency developing program by Maneeveda exercise on self-care behavior to decrease work related myalgia among farmers at Pong district, Phayao province. A convenience sampling technique was used to recruit a sample of 60 farmers with work related myalgia who received painkillers at Sub-district Health Promoting Hospitals (SHPH). There were 30 participants from Oil SHPH in the experimental group receiving the self- care competency developing program by Maneeveda exercise on self-care behavior to decrease work related myalgia for 8 weeks. The comparison group was 30 participants from Ban Fay Keaw SHPH receiving the usual care. Research instruments for data collection consisted of a demographic record form, the perception in self-care efficacy to decrease work related myalgia (DWRM), the expectations in self-care outcomes to DWRM, the self -care behaviors to DWRM questionnaires, and the pain score assessment form. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics, t-test, and Mann-Whitney U test. The results revealed that after receiving the program, participants in the intervention group had perceived their self-care efficacy to DWRM, expectations in self -care outcomes to DWRM, and self-care behaviors to DWRM significantly higher than those in the comparison group (p < .05), and pain scores and painkiller drugs used significantly lower than those in the comparison group (p < .05). These findings suggest that the self-care competency developing program by Maneeveda exercise is effective. Nurse practitioners in communities could utilize this program for farmers in other communities. Consequently, competency for self-care behavior to decrease work related Myalgia would develop, and no need to use painkiller drugs to decrease work related Myalgia.
Bandura, A. (1977). Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavior change. Psychological
Review, 84, 191 – 215.
Bureau of Occupational and Environmental Diseases, Department of Disease Control, Ministry of Public Health, Thailand. (2017). Report situation of diseases and gender of health and environment 2017. Retrieved from http://envocc.ddc.moph.go.th/contents?g=11 [in Thai]
Chumklank, T. (2011). The effect of exercise promotion program by the application of self-efficacy and social support for pain decreasing among elderly with osteoarthritis knees in Wangnamkheaw district, Nakornratchasima province. Master of Public Health thesis, Health Education and Health Promotion, Khon Kaen University. [in Thai]
Detchakan, S. (2013). The effects of a back rehabilitation program on self-efficacy for physical active, pain, and flexibility of muscles among persons with low back pain. Thammasat Medical Journal, 13(4), 513-523. [in Thai]
Kalampakorn, S. (2012). An application of concepts and theories to health promotion and disease prevention in community, in Powwattana, A., et al. (Editors), Health
promotion and disease prevention in community: An application of concepts and
theories to practice (1st ed., page 29-68). Khonkaen: Klungnana Vitthaya. [in Thai]
Kumar, A., Gupta, M., & Katyal, T. (2013). Effect of trunk muscles stabilization exercises and
general exercises on pain in recurrent non-specific low back ache. International
Research Journal of Medical Sciences, 1(6), 23-26.
Manit, N. (2011). Effect of stretching exercise on low back pain and functional ability in home-based garment workers. Nursing Journal, 38(4), 93-103. [in Thai]
Ningsanon, N. (2011). Simply way to make life easier by maneeveda. Srinakharinwirot University (Journal of Science and Technology), 3(5), 1-13. [in Thai]
Phayao's Governor Office, Information and communication group. (2016). Briefing Phayao Province. Retrived from www.phayao.go.th/au/all_phayao_2559.pdf . [in Thai]
Pong District Municipality Office. (2017). Health information at Pong municipality. Retrieved from https://www.ponglocal.go.th/pong/index.php/2017 [in Thai]
Pongoen, P. (2012). Development of pain assessment practice guideline for cancer patients in Udonthani regional cancer center. Mater thesis of nursing science in adult
nursing, Khon Kaen University. [in Thai]
Simsiriwat, W. (2017). Effects of self-efficacy promotion on knowledge, perceived self-
efficacy and promoting thalassemia control behavior among Bangkok health volunteers. The Journal of Faculty of Nursing, Burapha University, 25(2), 94-104.
Sithiwatcharapong, W. (2013). Effectiveness of Maneevej exercise for reducing work related musculoskeletal syndrome in office workers. Master of Science thesis, Anti-Aging and Regenerative Medicine, Mea Fah Luang University. [in Thai]
Uthairat, P. (2008). The effect of symptom management with rebalancing body structure program on low back pain in persons with chronic low back pain. Master of Nursing Science Thesis, Chulalongkorn University. [in Thai]
Watcharasin, K. (2008). Anatomy of life and balance of Maneeveda. The Journal of Maneeveda, 1, 85-92. [in Thai]
Yanakittkoor, P. (2012). The study of effects of self-massage and hermit exercise towards the use of analgesics: A case study of Koksi village ban fang district Khon Kaen province. Master of Pharmacy thesis, Khon Kaen University. [in Thai]