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The purpose of this quasi-experimental study was to examine the effect of the perceived self-efficacy promotion program on mother’s caring behavior for their toddlers with acute lower respiratory infection. The sample included mothers of children with acute lower respiratory infection received care at a pediatric ward of Kratumbean Hospital, Samutsakorn province. Data were collected between July-August, 2018. The sample included 42 mothers were selected to either the experimental and control group, 21 per group. The experimental group received the perceived self-efficacy promotion program whereas the control group received regular nursing care. Research instruments consisted of the perceived self-efficacy program, demographic record form, and caring behaviors questionnaire. The reliability was .82. Data were analyzed by using descriptive statistics and independent t-test.
The result revealed that after received the perceived self-efficacy promotion program, the mean score difference between pre-test and post-test scores on caring behaviors for toddler with acute lower respiratory infection was significant higher than those in control group (p < .05). From these findings, it suggested that pediatric nurses should apply this program to the mothers of toddlers with acute lower respiratory infection in order to promote them to have more efficient caring behaviors.
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