The Effects of Caring Program on Caregiver’s Operational Capabilities of Pressure Ulcer Prevention in Dependent Older Patients at Risk Group

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ศิริกัญญา อุสาหพิริยกุล
ศากุล ช่างไม้
วีนัส ลีฬหกุล



              This experimental research aimed to study the effects of a caring program on    caregiver’s operational capabilities of pressure ulcer prevention in dependent older patients   at risk group at a tertiary care hospital in Ratchaburi province. The research conceptual framework is   based on Orem’s self-care deficit theory (2001). The sample consisted of 56   older patients. They were randomly assigned to the control group (n=28) and the experimental   group (n=28).  The control group received routine nursing care while the experimental group received caring   program on caregiver’s operational capabilities of pressure ulcer prevention in dependent older patients at risk.Research data were collected by using caregiver’s operational capabilities of pressure ulcer prevention form, Bergstrom’s skin condition assessment and the Braden risk assessment scale.Research data were analyzed by using   descriptive statistics, t-test and Chi-square.

              The results revealed that the mean score on caregiver’s operational capabilities of    pressure ulcer prevention in dependent older patients at risk of the experimental group was    significantly higher than that of the control group (p-value <.05). The incidence rate of pressure    ulcer in dependent older patients of the experimental group was significantly lower than those    of the control group (p - value < .05). 

          Based on the results of this research, it is recommended that the Caring Program   on Caregiver’s Operational Capabilities of Pressure Ulcer Prevention should be applied in    dependent older patients at risk group to promote their caregiver’s knowledge and capabilities of pressure ulcer prevention.


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