Main Article Content
The purpose of this comparative descriptive research was to compare the women's perceptions of Intrapartum care process, childbirth experience and satisfaction with nursing care between normal vaginal birth and cesarean section. The samples were 359 postpartum women who were taken care in the labor room of Phathumthani Hospital during December 2015 to August 2016. The sample were specifically selected. Instruments used to collect data included demographic record form, intrapartum care process evaluation form with reliability .86, questionnaires on perceptions of labor experience with reliability .81 and satisfaction with nursing care evaluation form. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics, Independent t-test, and Mann-Whitney U-test.
The result shows that women with vaginal birth have moderate level for mean scores of perceptions of intrapartum care process ( =57.75, SD=15.09), perceptions of positive childbirth experience ( =76.96, SD=9.90), and satisfaction with nursing care ( =6.90, SD=2.11). The mean scores of these perceptions were higher than those women with cesarean section ( =54.87, SD=15.70; =72.91, SD=10.73; =6.81, SD=2.09, respectively). The perceptions of intrapartum care process and satisfaction with nursing care were not statistically significant difference between vaginal birth and cesarean section (t=1.783, p=.075; Z= -.449, p = .653, respectively). The perceptions of childbirth experiences were statistically significant difference of (t=3.679, p< .001). The findings suggested that nurses should promote the perceptions of positive childbirth experience to women with cesarean section and stimulate cuddling newborn and early breast feeding.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Chomkhuntod, P., Charuwatcharapaniskul, U. & Chareonsanti, J. (2014). Effects of childbirth preparation on pain level, duration of labor, and perceptions on childbirth experience in adolescent pregnant women. Nursing Journal, 41(1), 13-25. (In Thai)
FIGO Committee on Safe Motherhood and Newborn Health. (2014). Mother and newborn friendly birthing facility [Internet]. Available from: https://www.figo.org/sites.
Hakularb, P., & Thananowan, N. (2008). Barrier of initial breastfeeding in labor room. Nursing Journal, 24(2), 14-23. (In Thai)
Hanucharurnkul, S., Jeangsawan, N. & Partiprajak, S. (2009). Results and evaluation of advanced nursing practitioners in Hanucharurnkul S. and Panpakdee O. (Ed.) Advanced Nursing Practice: Integrating into Practice. Bangkok: Judthong. 87-113. (In Thai)
Iliadou, M. (2012). Supporting women in labor. Health Science Journal, 6(3), 385-391.
Irvine D., Sidani S., & McGills-Hall l. (1998). Linking outcome to nurse’s role in health care. Nursing Economic, 16(2), 58-64.
Jaichaun, P. & Kanoathes, T. (2013). Effect of skin to skin between mothers and newborns after birth immediately on maternal satisfaction and breastfeeding at 6 weeks and 6 months. Paper presented at the 4th National Breastfeeding Conference, Bangkok: Miracle Hotel.
Junsopa, M., Baosoung, C. & Parisunyaku, S. (2012). Effects of social support on labor pain and perception of childbirth experience among primiparous adolescent parturients. Nursing Journal, 39(4); 71-84. (In Thai)
Kifle, M.M., Ghirmai, F.A., Berhe, S.A., Tesfay, W.S., Weldegebriel, Y.T., & Gebrehiwet, Z.T. (2017). Predictors of Women’s Satisfaction with Hospital-Based Intrapartum Care in Asmara Public Hospitals, Eritrea. Obstetrics and Gynecology International. Retrieved 7 November 2019 from https://www.hindawi.com/journals/ogi/2017/3717408/.
Kujawski, S., Mbaruku, G., Freedman, L.P., Ramsey, K., Moyo, W., Kruk, M.E. (2015). Association between disrespect and abuse during childbirth and women’s confidence in health facilities in Tanzania. Maternal and Child Health Journal, 19(10), 2243–2250.
Lucas, M.T.B., Rocha, M.J.F., Costa, K.M.M., Oliveirap, G.G., & Melo, J.O. (2015). Nursing care during labor in a model maternity unit: cross-sectional study. Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing, 14(1), 1-7.
Marut, J.S., & Mercer, R.T. (1979). Comparison of primipara’s perceptions of vaginal and cesarean births. Nursing Research, 28(5), 260-266.
Melese, T., Gegrehiwot, Y., Bisetegne, D. & Habte, D. (2014). Assessment of client satisfaction in labor and delivery services at a maternity referral hospital in Ethiopia. Pan African Medical Journal, 17(76), 1-9.
Mocumbi, S., Hogberg, U., Lampa, E., Sacoor, C., Vala, A., Bergstrom, A., … & Sevene, E. (2019). Mothers’ satisfaction with care during facility-based childbirth: a cross-sectional survey in southern Mozambique. BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, 19(19), 303-317.
Nakanakupt, M., Kanungbutr, P. & Noykerd, T. (2018). Relationship between perceptions of Intrapartum care Process, childbirth experience perception and satisfaction with nursing care among parturients. Nursing Journal, 45(1), 50-61. (In Thai)
Okafor, I.I., Ugwu, E.O., Obi, S.N. (2015). Disrespect and abuse during facility-based childbirth in a low-income country. International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 128(2), 110–113.
Parisunyaku, S., Baosoung, C. & Prasitwatanasaree, P. (2013). Predictors of women’s perceptions of the positive childbirth experience. Nursing Journal, 40(Supplement), 84-93. (In Thai)
Pirdil, M., & Pirdel. L. (2015). A comparison of women’s expectations of labour and birth with the experiences in primiparas and multiparas with normal vaginal delivery. Journal of Kathmandu Medical College, 4(1), 16-25.
Rocha, F.A.A., Fontenele, F.M.C., Carvalho, I.R., Rodrigues, I.D.C.V., Sousa, R.A., Ferreira Júnior, A.R. (2015). Care during labor and birth: mothers’ perception. Rev Rene, 16(6), 782-789.
Sauls, D. J. (2004). Adolescents’ Perception of Support During Labor. (4). 36-42.
Schneider, L.W., Crenshaw, J.T., & Gilder, R.E. (2012). Influence of Immediate Skin-to-Skin Contact During Cesarean Surgery on Rate of Transfer of Newborns to NICU for Observation. Nursing for Women’s Health, 21(1), 28–33.
Tosopon, S., Khanobdee, C. & Phumonsakul, S. (2017). Selected factors predicting childbirth experience of laboring women with unplanned cesarean section. Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences, 11(1), 159-170. (In Thai)
Tully, K.P. & Ball, H.L. (2008). Maternal accounts of their breast-feeding intent and early challenges after caesarean childbirth. Midwifery, 30(6), 712-719.
Velho, M.B., Santos E.K., Bruggemann, O.M., & Camargo, B.V. (2012). Experience with vaginal birth versus cesarean childbirth: Integrative review of women’s perceptions. December 1, 2019, accessed from http://www.scielo.br/pdf/tce/v21n2/en_a26v21n2.pdf.
World Health Organization. (2018). WHO recommendations: intrapartum care for a positive childbirth experience. Geneva: Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO.