The Effect of Oral Hygiene Promotion Program on Dental Caries Prevention Behaviors among Sixth Grade Students, Trang Province

  • Benjawan Chuykeaw
  • Janpen Leartwanawattana
  • Wararat Tiprat
Keywords: oral hygiene promotion program, dental caries prevention behavior, sixth grade student


This quasi-experimental research aimed to examine the effect of an oral hygiene promotion
program on dental caries prevention behavior among primary school students. The sample was
42 sixth grade students in the municipality school in Trang province. The random sample with
matched-pair technique was used to divide the sample into experimental and control groups, with
21 students per group. The experimental group received an oral hygiene promotion program for two
weeks (60 minutes per week), while the control group received routine care. Data were collected by
using a demographic record form and a dental caries prevention behavior questionnaire. The Cronbach
Alpha Coeffcient of the questionnaires was .86. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics and
The results showed that the experimental group, after receiving the oral health promotion
program, had mean scores of dental caries prevention behaviors signifcantly higher than before
receiving the program (p < .05) and signifcantly higher than in control group (p < .05). These fndings
suggest that primary school health nurses, principals and teachers should continue implementing the
program to reduce dental caries and should make the program available for all students.


Download data is not yet available.


Bandura, A. (1997). Self-Effcacy: The Exercise of
control. New York: W.H. Freeman.

Buathong, C., Promsiripaiboon, Y., & Vatchalavivat,
A. (2015). The effects of oral health
promotion program on dental caries
prevention behaviors of grade six students
at Ban Banghean school at Plaipraya district,
Krabi Province. Journal of Community
Health Development Khon Kaen
University, 3(2), 293-306. [In Thai]

Department of Health. (2017). Oral health survey
results report country Level No. 8. Retrieved
[In Thai]

Division of Dental Public Health (2017). Trang
Provincial Health Offce. Performance of
Do Annual report. 2017. Retrieved from
nid=1691&flename=st [ In Thai ]

Jarintana, P. (2019). The effects of ability
promoting program for caregivers of
school-age children with epilepsy using CAI
on knowledge, perceived self- effcacy, and
outcome expectancy. The Journal of
Faculty of Nursing Burapha University, 27(1),
13-22. [In Thai]

Oral surveys, 12-year-old children, provincial
public health offces in health zones 12.
(2016) Retrieved from http://dental2.
main.php?flena me=stat

Pantaewan, P. (2017). Self-effcacy theory and
smoking cessation. Journal of The Royal
Thai Army Nurses, 18(3), 35-43. [In Thai]

Phuangthong, K. (2013). Oral and dental diseases.
Bangkok: Amarin Health Publishing. [In Thai]

Rosphirom, S., Malarat, A., & Tapchaisri, C. (2013).
The effectiveness of a dental health
education program applying self-effcacy
theory on dental health behavior of
prathomsuksa 4 students in Muang district,
Nakhon Pathom province. Journal of
Faculty of Physical Education, 16(1),
145-157. [In Thai]

Srisathitnarakur, B. (2007). Research methods in
nursing (4th ed.). Bangkok: U & I Inter Media.
[in Thai]

Thimayom, P. (2012). The Effect of Self-effcacy
program on self-care behavior of hemiparesis
patients). Journal of Behavioral Science
for Development, 4(1), 63-74. [In Thai]

Waeyusoh, N. (2014). Effectiveness of self-effcacy
in oral health care based on Muslim’s faith
among junior high school students, Narathiwat
province. Journal of Public Health and
Development, 12(1), 53-74. [In Thai]

Wangtapane, P. (2016). Development of dental
health behavior by self-effcacy theory and
social support application for dental caries
prevention among children grade 4-6
primary school, WangYang district, Nakhon
Phanom province. Research and
Development Health System Journal, 9(3),
1-10. [In Thai]
How to Cite
Chuykeaw, B., Leartwanawattana, J., & Tiprat, W. (2020). The Effect of Oral Hygiene Promotion Program on Dental Caries Prevention Behaviors among Sixth Grade Students, Trang Province. The Journal of Faculty of Nursing Burapha University, 28(2), 64-73. Retrieved from