FACTORS INFLUENCING STRESS AMONG NURSES IN WENZHOU, CHINA: A CROSS-SECTIONAL STUDY
คำสำคัญ:Nurses, Psychological Capital, Social Support, Stress, Stressors
This predictive correlational study aimed to elucidate the psychological stress experienced by nurses in Wenzhou, China. Additionally, it seeks to discern the predictive power of various associated independent variables concerning nurse stress. The study involved 173 nurses functioning within adult inpatient wards, chosen through a multistage random sampling methodology. Data compilation employed a comprehensive array of tools including demographic questionnaires, the Perceived Stress Scale, the Chinese Nurse Stressor Scale, the Brief COPE, the Perceived Social Support Scale, and the Psychological Capital Questionnaire. The analysis incorporated Pearson correlation coefficients and multiple linear regression.
The findings disclosed a moderate level of nurse stress, with a score of 17.06 ± 4.532 out of a possible 40. Nursing stressors, social support, and psychological capital collectively accounted for 32.4% of the variability observed in stress levels among nurses operating within Wenzhou hospitals. These outcomes underscore the significance of addressing nurse stress through strategies such as mitigating nursing stressors, bolstering social support structures, and enhancing psychological capital.
Future research should focus on developing interventions designed to alleviate nurse stress. These interventions should prioritize the reduction of nursing stressors, the augmentation of social support networks, and the enhancement of nurses’ psychological capital.
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