About the Journal

Instructions for Authors

The Pacific Rim International Journal of Nursing Research (PRIJNR) is an English language double  blind, peer-reviewed, quarterly publication, and the Official Journal of the Thailand Nursing and Midwifery Council in Bangkok.

Focus and Scope: PRIJNR provides an international forum a forum for nurses and midwives in the Pacific Rim region and other countries to publish their scholarly work. The Editors invite the submission of high quality, original manuscripts on nursing research, literature reviews, policy or concept analysis and other rigorous scholarly papers of a high standard that are evidence-based and contribute to nursing knowledge, health improvement of populations, and development  of the  profession. An  example  of the  latter  might  be  a  research  methodology paper. Preference is given to systematic literature reviews rather than narrative reviews, as they are a better form of evidence. This journal does not publish systematic reviews that have not been conducted within the last year. Authors who use English as a second language are highly encouraged to have their manuscripts professionally edited for content, grammar and punctuation,  prior  to  submission,  and  follow  these  Instructions  for  Authors  very carefully. Failure to comply with all of these Guidelines might result in rejection of your manuscript. Free  general information  on  writing for publication can  be     found     at:  http://www.nurseauthoreditor.com/


General Information: Authors should read the publication policies of PRIJNR to be found at

https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/PRIJNR/about   Submitted papers should be relevant to an international audience. Do not assume that readers have knowledge of national and local practices, organizations or professional bodies. Avoid the  use  of  acronyms,  and  use  terminology  that  is  internationally  acceptable,  or  is  clearly defined. Authors should consult the most recent issue of PRIJNR for style and structure.

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice: Authors should read and adhere to the

policy regarding this found at: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/PRIJNR/Ethics


Contributors   and   Acknowledgements:   All   authors   should   have   made   substantial contributions to: (1) conception and design of the study, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data or (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, and (3) final approval of the submitted version. Individuals who provided help during the research (e.g., providing language translation or statistical help) that do not meet criteria for authorship should be acknowledged but not appointed as co-authors.

Word Counts: Total word counts, excluding abstract references, tables, and figures are not to be  exceeded:  Evidence-based  scholarly  paper  or  concept  or  policy  analysis  (4000  words); Quantitative research (5000 words); Qualitative research and Mixed-method research (6000 words); Literature review (6000 words); and Abstract (250 words).

Manuscript Submission is online at : https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/PRIJNR/about/submissions

Submit Five files:

File 1. Cover Letter to Editors

File 2. Checklist Guidelines for research report or systematic review

File 3. Title Page

File 4. Manuscript in continuous order: see below.

File 5. Agreement Form

In the Cover Letter the corresponding author should describe and certify, on behalf of all co-authors, EACH of the following eight points about their manuscript:

  1.  The name of the guidelines they have followed for their research design and reporting of their original study;
  2.  The work has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract, or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis);
  3.  The manuscript is not under consideration for publication elsewhere;
  4.  Each author has read and  agreed  with the  manuscript  as written and  submitted,  and  has contributed, in a significant manner, to the development of the content;
  5.  If accepted, the article will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or any other language, without the written consent of the Publisher
  6.  That ethical approval for the study was obtained from a suitably constituted research ethics committee or institutional review  board.  Provide  the  proper  name  of the  committee,  the approval number and the date. In countries or regions where there is no fully constituted IRB  or  REC,  the  authors  must  certify  that  the  research  was  undertaken  following  the principles     of      the    Declaration    of   Helsinki  (see: http: //www.wma.net/ en/ 30publications/ 10policies/ b3/ );
  1.  That there is clear description regarding conflict of interest (that is “The authors declare no conflict of interest”  OR  “The  authors  declare  an  actual  or  potential  conflict  of  interest, being….”;
  2. The name  of  any  organization  or  individual  providing  funding  for  the  study  or  project involved, as well as any funding number.

If any of these points are not addressed in the Cover Letter the manuscript will not be sent for review.

File 2. Checklist Guidelines for research report or systematic review. PRJINR requires that authors use internationally recognized reporting guidelines to prepare the manuscript of their study or systematic review.  Before the authors begin writing manuscript, download the correct guideline for study using the tools provided by the EQUATOR

network: http://www.equator-network.org/

The authors need to mention in the methods section what reporting guideline have used,AND submit a completed copy of the relevant reporting checklist when submit the paper.


Examples of Reporting guidelines used by PRIJNR:

Qualitative studies - COREQ - Consolidated criteria for reporting qualitative research, http://www.equator-network.org/reporting-guidelines/coreq

Observational cohort, case control and cross sectional studies - STROBE - Strengthening the Reporting of Observational Studies in Epidemiology, http://www.equator- network.org/reporting-guidelines/strobe/

Quasi-experimental/non-randomised evaluations - TREND - Transparent Reporting of Evaluations with Non-randomized Designs, http://www.cdc.gov/trendstatement/ Randomised (and quasi-randomised) controlled trial - CONSORT - Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials, http://www.equator-network.org/reporting-guidelines/consort/ Study of Diagnostic accuracy/assessment scale - STARD - Standards for the Reporting of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies, http://www.equator-network.org/reporting-guidelines/stard/ Systematic Review of Controlled Trials - PRISMA - Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses, http://www.equator-network.org/reporting- guidelines/prisma/

Systematic Review of Observational Studies - MOOSE - Meta-analysis of Observational

Studies in Epidemiology, http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10789670

If you are reporting original research, you need to use the following for: Randomized studies, the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials - CONSORT; www.consort-statement.org

Descriptive and epidemic studies the Transparent Reporting of Evaluations with  Nonrandomized Designs

 (TREND) http://www.cdc.gov/trendstatement/


Descriptive and epidemiologic studies http://www.cdc.gov/trendstatement/


and for Quality improvement reports, the Standards for Quality Improvement Reporting SQUIRE


File 3: Title Page, This includes: the title of the manuscript; the running title of 6-7 words, the full name, academic and professional credentials, institutional affiliation(s), postal and e-mail addresses of each author. An asterisk (*) is to be used to designate the corresponding author. The title of the manuscript should be no more than 15 words, including the design of the study (for example, A Cross-sectional Study of Factors affecting Diet Control in Thai Women with Diabetes).

File 4: Manuscript in continuous order, Title, Abstract, Keywords, Text, Acknowledgments, and References. Add Tables, Figures and Appendices, each on a separate page. Each page is to be numbered in the upper right corner. Put a running title (shortened version of the title) in the upper left corner of each page. Manuscripts are to be written using Microsoft Word, 12 point  Times New  Roman  font,  double-spaced  and  with a  page  number  in the  top left  hand corner of each page.

File 5. Agreement Form (Download)


Abstract: Should  be a succinct  summary of the manuscript, and contain no  more than 250 words. Abbreviations, references, statistical information and sub-headings are not to be included. For research studies include: brief background of the topic and significance of the study; the major aim of the study; brief summary of study setting and number of participants; the study design; major methods used to collect and analyse data, including the proper name of instruments used; the major findings; and conclusions and implications for nursing practice.      Each manuscript is to have a duplicate abstract written in Thai and English. Abstracts of non-Thai authors  will  be  translated  into  Thai by  the  Editors  after  the  manuscript  has  been accepted for publication. The abstract is to be on a separate page, with the title of the manuscript listed. Remember to revise your abstract(s) on resubmissions.


Key Words: No more than ten key words that accurately identify the manuscript’s topic, main method and focus,

are to be listed in alphabetical order. Key words found in Medical Subject Headings (MeSH ), PubMed or CINAHL are preferred.

Text:   For   research   manuscripts,   ALL   of  the   following   sections   are   to   be   included: Introduction;  Review  of  Literature;  Study  Aim;  Methods  (including  sub-sections  of Design, Sample and Setting, Ethical Considerations; Data Collection; and Data Analysis); Results; Discussion; Limitations; and Conclusions and Implications for Nursing Practice. Practice   can   include   settings   where   nurses   work,   future   research   studies,   education, management   or   nursing   policy.   Ensure   there  is   no   duplication  of  content   in  various sections.Include the name of the primary ethics committee giving approval for the study and the approval number.

In Concept Analysis, Policy Analysis, Literature Reviews or other Scholarly Papers, the sections  will  vary  depending  upon  the  processes  and  methods  used.  Qualitative  studies generally have the bulk of literature review in the Discussion section.

The  first  time  an  abbreviation  is  used,  please  state  the  words  in  full  followed  by  the abbreviation in parentheses, for example: “The World Health Organization (WHO) definition of…”. Thereafter, the abbreviation, without parentheses, may be used.

Avoidance of labeling of people: Be very sensitive to this in your writing. For example, do not  use  “diabetic  mothers”  (use  “mothers  with  diabetes”)  or  “schizophrenic  patients”  (use “patients with schizophrenia”).

Acknowledgments: Briefly acknowledge research funders, and any research participants.

Plagiarism and inappropriate referencing: PRIJNR takes plagiarism seriously. The copying of other authors work without appropriate referencing will not be tolerated. Word strings of 6-7 words directly quoted from the literature or other sources must be referenced and placed in inverted commas. However, it is better to paraphase the work of other authors to show that you have interpreted their idea in the context of your writing. Authors should use  anti- plagiarism software to check their manuscript before submission or resubmission to detect the level of non- original material or incorrect referencing.  Be aware that before peer review your manuscript will be subjected to anti-plagiarism software to detect unreferenced, non-original material and other issues with referencing. All manuscripts will undergo a second check before a manuscript is accepted.

References: Concept Analysis, Policy Analysis, or Research papers are not to exceed 40 references. For Literature Review papers the limit is 55 references. Ensure that citations used are as contemporary as possible, including those from the current year of writing. Delete older literature citations unless these are central to your study. The majority of citations should be from the last five years, including the year of submission of the manuscript.

The  Vancouver  System  for  references  and  citations   is  to  be  used  as  described  at

http://www.nlm. nih. gov/ citingmedicine

Citations in the text are to be made using superscript Arabic numerals in the order in which the citations  appear,  and  after  punctuation  where  possible.  All  references  are  to  be  listed  as citations  in  the  text,  and  all  citations  are  to  correspond  with  the  appropriate  reference. References are to be listed in order of appearance in the text. Citations in the text are to match the reference list. Include DOI numbers for publications where these are available.

Names of all authors are to be cited when there are six or less. When there are seven or more authors the first six authors are to be listed followed by et.al.

Reference to unpublished data and personal communications should appear only in the text.


See Examples of Referencing Below:


Journal Articles


Harvey PD, Strassnig MT, Silberstein J. Prediction of disability in schizophrenia: symptoms, cognition, and self-assessment. J Exp Psychopathol. 2019;1(20):1-20.


Rittharomya J, Aree-ue S, Malathum P, Orathai P, Basia B, Kawinwonggowit V. The effectiveness of preoperative quadriceps exercise and diet control program for older adults waiting for total knee arthroplasty: a randomized controlled trial. Pacific Rim Int J of Nurs Res. 2020;24(4):485-501.



Racal SJ, Sitthimongkol Y, Prasopkittikun T, Punpuing S, Chansatitporn N, Strobbe S. Factors influencing alcohol use among Myanmar young migrant workers in Thailand. Pacific Rim Int J  of Nurs  Res  [Internet].  2020  Mar  14  [cited  2020  Apr  27];24(2):172-86.  Available  from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/PRIJNR/article/view/159647

Where DOI numbers are available for various references, these should be included at the


end of citations in the reference list"  Example


Harvey PD, Strassnig MT, Silberstein J. Prediction of disability in schizophrenia: symptoms, cognition,        and        self-assessment.       J       Exp        Psychopathol.       2019;1(20):1-20. doi:10.1177/2043808719865693.

Journal Articles not in English ( Need to be translated into English with a designation of the


original language)


Posri A. Family and community participation in caring of chronic schizophrenic patients: study of Nongnasang community. J Royal Thai Army Nurs. 2018;19:239-47 (in Thai).

Edited Book


Holland  K,  Watson R. editors. Writing  for  publication  in  nursing  and  healthcare: getting  it right. Oxford: Wiley Blackwell; 2012.

Authored Book


Green J. Thorogood N. Qualitative methods for health research. Los Angeles: Sage; 2018.


Book Chapter


Coccia M, Provinciali L. Post-stroke rehabilitation. 2017. In: Radaelli A, Mancia, G, Ferrarese, C, Beretta, S, editors. Current developments in stroke: new concepts in stroke diagnosis and therapy. Bentham eBooks; 2017. pp. 300-20.

Tables and Figures:


All tables and figures are to be self-contained and complement, but not duplicate, information in the text. No more than a total of five Tables and Figures, each on a separate page, are allowed. Tables (e.g. Table 1) and Figures (e.g. Figure 1) are to be numbered consecutively, with Arabic numbers, and titled to describe the content contained in each.

A legend, explaining symbols, abbreviations and units used, is to appear below each Table and Figure. Only use capitals in the heading of the table or figure for the first word and for any proper nouns. NOTE if you are reproducing an already published table, figure, or image then you must have received written permission from the author(s) or publisher to do so. Write underneath the table or figure: “Reproduced with the kind permission of (name of publisher or author), (give year of publication)” Then put the full reference in the reference list. Copyright laws are not to be violated when including content in an Appendix, or a diagram or image  or  any other  part  of an article. Ensure  that  you  make  a  brief statement  under  the inserted  content  regarding  permission  being  received  for  the  use  of  the  material   (eg. “Reproduced with the kind permission of…”), and give the correct citation for the original authors.

Submission of Paper: Each submitted manuscript must conform to the Instructions to Authors  and   should   be   submitted   online   at   Editorial Manager®   The instructions for registering, submission and revision are provided on this website.

Transfer of Copyright: All authors of the manuscript are required to sign a transfer of copyright agreement before the manuscript is published. Copyright transfer is sent to the  corresponding  author,  upon  acceptance  of the  manuscript  for  publication,  to  complete  and return,  so  as to  denote  the  Thailand  Nursing  &  Midwifery  Council  has  exclusive  rights  to publish, reproduce and distribute the manuscript and all contents therein.

Publication costs: The cost is 10,000 Thai baht (295 USD) per accepted manuscript. This cost will  be  requested  after  the  manuscript  is  accepted.  In  addition,  peer  review  will  not  be influenced by payment.

Page Proofs: Manuscripts accepted for publication are sent to the publisher in order of acceptance. The publisher sends page proofs (copies of printed pages prior to publication) to the corresponding author for review and approval prior to the manuscript being published. It is essential that approved proofs be returned to the publisher within seven (7) days of receipt for the manuscript to be published. The author(s) are charged for any alterations, other than correction of type setting errors, required to the text or illustrations, at the proof stage.

If you encounter any problem about a submission, or have questions about the Journal,


please  contact  Professor  Somchit  Hanucharurnkul  at  somchit.han@mahidol. ac.th;  or

somchit.han@gmail.com or sasithorn.pra@mahidol.ac.th


Editorial office:

Thailand Nursing and Midwifery Council,

Nagarindrasri Building,

Ministry of Public Health, 

Tiwanon Road, Amphur Muang, Nonthaburi  11000.

Telephone:  +66 2596 7539 Fax: +66 2589 7121

Email: songwad.padsai@gmail.com , tnctjo@gmail.com