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This study was conducted to better understand culturally-sensitive maternity care needs assessment for Muslim mothers. It was conducted in a rural community of the southernmost province in Thailand from May-December 2013. Community-based participatory research was used as the research methodology and involved three groups of participants: 1) 26 Muslim mothers (15-49 years old with at least one child under age three) and 17 of their husbands, 2) 14 community and religious leaders, and 3) 14 health care providers including village health volunteers and traditional birth attendants. Qualitative data were collected through focus group discussions, in-depth interviews, and participative observations. Data were analyzed using content analysis.
The results indicated that the culturally-sensitive maternity care needs for Muslim mothers comprised five themes: respecting the way of life, practicing religious and local traditional belief, harmonizing cultural care from traditional birth attendants, supporting mothers and families, and enhancing cultural competence among health care providers, and village health volunteers. The findings illustrate the elements of culturally-sensitive maternity care needs for Muslim mothers which can be a guide for appropriate community care.
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