Factors Predicting Exclusive Breastfeeding among The First Time Chinese Mothers

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Hongwei Wan
Sujitra Tiansawad
Susanha Yimyam
Punpilai Sriaporn

Abstract

                   This study examined the factors that predict exclusive breastfeeding at 4 months and 6 months among the first-time Chinese mothers. Based on the theory of planned behavior, a descriptive and correlational research design was utilized. A systematic random sampling method was applied and a total of 272 first-time Chinese mothers who gave birth at a hospital in Shanghai were recruited. Three instruments, the Breastfeeding Attrition Prediction Tool, the Breastfeeding Knowledge Scale, and a Demographic Questionnaire were used to measure breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, subjective norm, perceived control, and breastfeeding practice. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Point-biserial, Pearson’s product moment correlation, and Logistic regression analysis.
                  Results revealed that the breastfeeding initiation rate was 93.75%, but exclusive breastfeeding rates at 4 months and 6 months had reduced to 34.19% and 3.31%, respectively.There were significant positive relationships between exclusive breastfeeding at 4 months and breastfeeding knowledge, attitude, subjective norm, and perceived breastfeeding control.A negative relationship was found between exclusive breastfeeding at 4 months and working status. A logistic regression analysis indicated that all of five breastfeeding factors could significantly predict exclusive breastfeeding at 4 months. The implication of this study to nursing practice lies in that nurses should provide enough breastfeeding knowledge,encourage new mothers’ positive breastfeeding attitude, change their significant others,and strengthen their breastfeeding control.

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How to Cite
1.
Wan H, Tiansawad S, Yimyam S, Sriaporn P. Factors Predicting Exclusive Breastfeeding among The First Time Chinese Mothers. PRIJNR [Internet]. 2015 Feb. 10 [cited 2022 Sep. 25];19(1):32-44. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/PRIJNR/article/view/19512
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Original paper

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