Family Caregiver Capacity Building Program for Older People with Dependency in Thailand: A Randomized Controlled Trial

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Supichaya Wangpitipanit
Sirirat Panuthai
Khanokporn Sucamvang
Duangruedee Lasuka
Sutthichai Jitapunkul

Abstract

                This randomized control trial investigated the effectiveness of the Family Caregiver Capacity Building Program on caregivers’ care ability and quality of care. A sample of 55 family caregivers, currently caring for older people with dependency in two rural communities in a central Thailand, were randomly assigned to a control group (n=29) and an experimental group (n=26). The experimental group received the Program based on Hulme’s work in family empowerment. The control group received usual home visits. Data were collected at baseline, week 12 for caregiver ability, and at week 24 for quality of care at week 24. Data were analysed using descriptive statistics, independent t-test, and paired t-test. 


                Results revealed that after attending the Program the experimental group had significantly higher overall care ability than at the baseline, except for social aspect. There were significant differences in overall quality of care, physical, psychological, and financial aspects but not for environmental, medical management, and human rights dimensions. When comparing between groups, the experimental group had significantly higher overall care ability than those in the control group, except for social aspect. However, there were no significant differences of overall quality of care and their dimensions, except for physical aspect.  Findings revealed that the Program was effective in improving the ability of care givers to provide quality care for older people with dependency. Nurses in Thai district hospitals or sub-district health promoting hospitals could apply this Program to improve care ability of family caregivers for older people with dependency in similar communities in Thailand. However, it is recommended that the Program be further evaluated with larger or different groups.

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1.
Wangpitipanit S, Panuthai S, Sucamvang K, Lasuka D, Jitapunkul S. Family Caregiver Capacity Building Program for Older People with Dependency in Thailand: A Randomized Controlled Trial. PRIJNR [Internet]. 2016Jan.25 [cited 2020Apr.2];20(1):18-2. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/PRIJNR/article/view/23075
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