Factors Influencing Medication Adherence Among People with Schizophrenia: A Qualitative Systematic Review

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Nisakorn Pothimas
Patraporn Tungpunkom
Thidarat Kanungpiarn
Karin Hannes


                 Schizophrenia is a chronic mental illness that affects thought processes, perception, and behavior, and antipsychotic medications are important to control psychotic symptoms. People with schizophrenia who adhere to neuroleptic medication are less likely to relapse than those who do not. This paper reports on a meta-synthesis of qualitative research exploring medication adherence experiences among people with schizophrenia. Published articles written in English from 1999-2019 were searched (January 1999-December 2019), from electronic databases, including CINAHL, PubMed, Science Direct, Scopus, PsycINFO, ProQuest, Dissertations and Theses, and the Thai National Research Repository. Twelve studies were included in the final review.

            Major components that affect medication adherence in people with schizophrenia positively or negatively were gentle pressure, trust and social support, a positive attitude toward disease and treatment, a sense of understanding of the beneficial and negative impact of medication, and financial constraints. We suggest a gentle medication adherence approach that departs from a joint responsibility between the family network and health providers to push people with schizophrenia towards medication uptake and help them develop coping mechanisms to deal with important side effects. Family members and health care providers should consider the patient's concerns about what is perceived as a normal life and a potential future life, taking into account social stigma and financial barriers.

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Pothimas N, Tungpunkom P, Kanungpiarn T, Hannes K. Factors Influencing Medication Adherence Among People with Schizophrenia: A Qualitative Systematic Review. PRIJNR [Internet]. 2021 Mar. 27 [cited 2022 Dec. 2];25(2):229-41. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/PRIJNR/article/view/241815
Original paper


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