A Model of Factors Influencing Asthma Control among Preschool Children as Perceived by Family Caregivers


  • Le Thi Thanh Tuyen RN, PhD (Candidate), Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital and Faculty of Nursing, Mahidol University, Thailand and Faculty of Nursing, Da Nang University of Medical Technology and Pharmacy, Da Nang, Vietnam.
  • Rutja Phuphaibul DNS, FAAN. Professor, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University, Thailand.
  • Sermsri Santati RN, PhD, Assistant Professor, Faculty of Medicine Ramathibodi Hospital, Mahidol University. Thailand.
  • Natkamol Chansatitporn RN, Sc.D. (Biostatistics), Assistant Professor, Faculty of Public Health, Mahidol University, Thailand.


Asthma control, Family caregivers, Healthcare access, Preschool children, Social support, Vietnam


               Asthma is the most common non-communicable disease among children and the prevalence of childhood asthma is increasing in Vietnam. Often, due to the stage of development of the child and the illness, control of asthma in pre-school age children depends on family caregivers. To design effective interventions for asthma control, understanding family caregivers’ perceptions of factors that influence such control is necessary. Thus, this cross-sectional study developed
and tested a model of how perceived social support, satisfaction with nursing care, access to healthcare and family management work to explain asthma control among pre-school age children. A convenience sample of 328 primary family caregivers of pre-school age children with asthma from three public hospitals in Da Nang, Vietnam was recruited. Questionnaires used were a demographic form, and Vietnamese versions of the Best Asthma Control Test for Preschoolers,
the Modified Social Support Questionnaire, the Access to Healthcare Instrument, and the Patient Satisfaction with Nursing Care Quality Questionnaire. The SPSS version 18 and the AMOS program were used to test the model.
              Findings revealed that the hypothesized model fitted with the data and explained 38% of the variance in asthma control. Contextual factors had a direct effect on asthma control and an indirect through family management. Family management had a significant direct positive effect on asthma control. Among these factors, perceived social support had the strongest total effect whereas access to health care had the strongest direct effect on asthma control. Nurses
can use this finding to strengthening support from significant people to improve family management and strengthen access to health care using various strategies such as telehealth to support asthma control.


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How to Cite

Tuyen LTT, Phuphaibul R, Santati S, Chansatitporn N. A Model of Factors Influencing Asthma Control among Preschool Children as Perceived by Family Caregivers. PRIJNR [Internet]. 2021 Sep. 2 [cited 2024 Feb. 22];25(4):539-52. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/PRIJNR/article/view/253321