Effects of Nurse-Led Fall Prevention Programs for Older Adults: A Systematic Review

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Eunice Oladepe Ojo
Ladda Thiamwong


              Falls among older adults are preventable events and fall prevention programs led by nursing staff are promising and viable programs for preventing falls. This systematic review aimed to gain insight into the effects of nurse-led fall prevention programs for older adults. The Preferred Reporting Items for Systemic Reviews and Meta-Analysis was used as a guideline in reporting this literature search conducted through CINAHL, MEDLINE, Eric, Science Direct, and Google Scholar databases. The Johns Hopkins Nursing Evidence-Based Practice was used to determine the level of evidence and quality rating of the articles, while data extraction was done by a matrix review method.
              The review included six randomized controlled trials, two non-randomized controlled trials, and three quasi-experimental designs. Six studies directed their education component of the intervention on the nursing staff, while three focused on the older participants. Nurses’ roles were patient assessment, patient education, administration of exercise programs, and follow-up post interventions. Fall rates and fall incidents were reduced in five studies, while three studies changed patients’ behavior. Fall prevention programs with education components specific for older adults and nursing staff resulted in positive outcomes. Nursing staff make a significant contribution to improving patients’ outcomes, and a fall prevention program that focuses on reducing injurious fall rates and enhancing participants’ behavior could maximize its effects.

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Eunice Oladepe Ojo, Ladda Thiamwong. Effects of Nurse-Led Fall Prevention Programs for Older Adults: A Systematic Review. PRIJNR [Internet]. 2022 May 27 [cited 2022 Nov. 27];26(3):417-31. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/PRIJNR/article/view/258061
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