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Resilience skill in children is necessary to help them balance their stress during adverse conditions. This study examined the effects of the Family-Based Life Skills Training Intervention on the Resilience of Children. The program combined parent training with child life skills training. The study was conducted in a central province of Thailand from January-March 2014, where three elementary schools were randomly selected and all eligible 4th grade students and their parents were randomly assigned to either an experimental group (n = 80) or a control group (n = 82). Data were collected from all participants prior to implementation, and one week and two months after completed intervention via the Proactive Coping Inventory. The repeated measures ANOVA and the independent t-test were used to test the effect of the program.
The results indicated that participants in the experimental group had significantly higher resilience scores than before receiving the intervention and higher than those in the control group over time. The interaction effects of intervention by time on the resilience bmean score changes were found. These findings suggest the intervention require an active parent involvement in child skills intervention to improve resilience skill. An implication for nursing practice is that school nurses should use the family-based intervention to develop child resilience skills but further research is required on the intervention over a longer duration.
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