Predictors of Weight Status among School-age Children

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Lawan Singhasai
Rutja Phuphaibul
Pisamai Orathai
Noppawan Piaseu
Cynthia S. Darling-Fisher


                  Being overweight is contributing to health problems in children. This study aimed to validate a causal model, the Weight Status Model among Thai School Age Children, depicting the pattern of relationship among children with unhealthy dietary pattern, physical activity and parent and family factors in predicting weight status among Thai school-age children. The participants were 603 dyads of children who were studying in nine primary schools and their parents in Bangkok. The questionnaires used were the Unhealthy Dietary Pattern Questionnaire, the Child Physical Activity Questionnaire, the Parent Physical Activity Questionnaire, the Food Parenting Practice Questionnaire, the Unhealthy Food Available in the Home Scale, the Parent Encouragement of Child Activity Scale, and the Parent Monitoring of Child Television Viewing Scale. Data were analyzed through use of descriptive statistics and path analysis.
               The results indicated that parental weight status had a significant positive direct effect on child weight status. Unhealthy food available in the home, parents’ unhealthy dietary patterns, and permissive and authoritarian food parenting practices had an indirect effect on weight status through child unhealthy dietary pattern. The Model suggests that nursing interventions to control weight status in children should be focused on shaping them to have a healthy dietary pattern which relates to family factors. However, the Model accounted for only 15.4% of the variance in child weight status. Thus, additional relevant predicting variables such as monitoring of a child’s computer game use and parental concern about their child’s weight should be included in future studies, and the Model tested further with different populations of children and their parents.

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How to Cite
Singhasai L, Phuphaibul R, Orathai P, Piaseu N, Darling-Fisher CS. Predictors of Weight Status among School-age Children. PRIJNR [Internet]. 2017 Jul. 10 [cited 2022 Oct. 3];21(3):180-94. Available from:
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