A Concept Analysis of Thum-jai: A Thai Coping Strategy

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Andrew C. Mills
Choochart Wong-Anuchit
Jidapa Poogpan


                Thum-jai is a coping strategy embedded in the culture of Thailand and used by people when facing an adverse situation or circumstance for which there seems to be no escape. The purpose of this concept analysis was to explore the usage of the term Thum-jai in research studies and clarify its conceptual meaning. We searched the concept in nine bibliographic e-databases and used Walker and Avant’s method of concept analysis. Thai and English studies (n=46) formed the basis for analysis. Two domains of usage were health/health-related conditions and daily living/work. 
            Thum-jai may be understood within either the Buddhist or Islamic religious context. It is typically practiced during the life cycle of birth, aging, sickness, and death. The religious/ spiritual context produces a sense of obligation to respond in a manner consistent with the teachings of faith and personal integrity. Within that context, the attributes of Thum-jai are accepting and letting go of the negative situation, forgetting the bad feeling, calming or steadying the mind, and developing patience and understanding. The consequences of Thum-jai are peace of mind, emotional stability, positive thought, and productive change. Model, borderline, and contrary cases are presented. Clinicians should recognize that clients are engulfed in the maelstrom of their troubles. A discussion about Thum-jai might improve how clients handle stressful situations. Clients can explore their own thoughts, beliefs, circumstances, and readiness for acceptance.

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Mills AC, Wong-Anuchit C, Poogpan J. A Concept Analysis of Thum-jai: A Thai Coping Strategy. PRIJNR [Internet]. 2017 Jul. 10 [cited 2023 Jan. 31];21(3):234-43. Available from: https://he02.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/PRIJNR/article/view/78114
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