Ethical publication ethics stems from ethical research and is augmented with ethical review. The Bangkok Medical Journal thus accepts manuscripts of human research that follow the World Medical Association (WMA) Declaration of Helsinki (2008) and comply with 2016 International ethical guidelines for health-related research involving humans for clinical research provided by The Council for International Organizations of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) and, when relevant, the WMA Declaration of Taipei. As a result, the authors are responsible to demonstrate sufficient compliance to ethical principles by showing a document of approval from the relevant Ethics Committee (EC) or Institutional Review Board (IRB). At the same time, all parties involved in the publication process, namely reviewers, journal editors and journal staff are obligated to follow the Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing guided by the Committee of Publication Ethics (COPE).
The authors must present original works, and if they have to use the work or words or others, those work or words are appropriately cited or quoted. Authors must acknowledge previous presented results by citing those works in the manuscripts and listing them in the references. The Bangkok Medical Journal reserves the rights to use plagiarism detection software to assess degree of possible plagiarism at the screening and reviewing processes. Data and results must be accurately presented without fraud, fabrication, falsification or inappropriate manipulation. Discussions and conclusions should be evidence based. If personal opinions are presented, they must accompany with justification and well labeled as personal opinions.
Authors must ensure that statements made in the manuscripts, including changes made by the editors or English language manager, once accepted by the author are the responsibility of the authors.
Once the author is aware of a significant error or inaccuracy in his/her published work, it is the author’s responsibility to immediately notify the Journal editor and cooperate with the Journal editors to retract or correct the paper.
Authors are responsible to disclose financial support and conflict of interest. All existing or potential conflict of interest such as employment, consultancy, stock ownership, an honorarium, paid testimony and intellectual property registration should be disclosed at submission stage. Technical, operational or management supports should be expressed in the acknowledgement.
Ethics of Editors
All manuscripts are treated as confidential documents. Therefore, editors, editorial board members, and Journal staff must not disclose any information obtained from a submitted manuscript to anyone other than the corresponding author, reviewers, potential reviewers, editorial advisers and the publisher. To ensure confidentiality and minimize biases, The Bangkok Medical Journal employs double-blinded peer review process where neither the authors nor the reviewers know each other’s identity throughout the review process.
Unpublished materials in all submitted manuscripts must not be used in any of editor’s own research without a specific written consent of the author(s).
Decisions on publishing submitted manuscripts are made objectively according to recommendations made by reviewers and professional opinions of editors in particular the importance and potential contribution of the article to scientific communities. Editors must withdraw themselves from the review process if they have a conflict of interest or personal stake in the publication of submitted manuscripts.
Ethics of Reviewers
Ideas obtained through peer review process must be kept confidential by the reviewers and must not be used for personal benefit in any forms. In addition, reviewers must not discuss aspects of the work under review with other researchers until the article is published. Unpublished materials in all submitted manuscripts must not be quoted or referred or used in any of reviewers’ own research without a specific written consent of the author(s), which are requested through the Chief Editor or Co-Editor.
Once the reviewer realizes, either before or after receiving a manuscript for review, that he or she know the authors or has been involved in the research described in the manuscript, or has any condition that might bias his or her judgment or recommendation, the reviewer should inform the editors and decline to be reviewer of that manuscript. Potential conflicts of interest, including competition, collaboration, or other relationships or connections with any of the authors, affiliations, or institutions connected to the manuscript must be disclosed to the editors. It is, therefore, the responsibility of the Journal to seek appropriate actions, including seeking more independent reviewers.
Manuscripts must be reviewed objectively in the context of the reviewer's expertise in the field considering potential contribution of the article to the existing research in its field, the quality of research, articulation of the argument, and the strength of the evidence provided. Personal opinions without backing evidence should not be used as criteria for reviewer’s decisions.
Reviewers should, at the best of their capacity, advise relevant work that has been presented but not cited by the authors. A reviewer should alert the editors upon any substantial similarity or overlap between content of the manuscript under review and any other work published or presented elsewhere
Conflicts of interest
- All authors must declare or disclose, in the manuscripts, anyfinancial or other substantive conflict of interest that might beconstrued to influence the results or interpretation of theirmanuscripts. All sources of financial or other supports for theproject must be disclosed.
- Reviewers must declare their conflicts of interest resulting fromcompetitive, collaborative, or other relationships or connectionswith any of the agencies companies, or institutions connected tothe manuscripts they review. It is therefore the responsibility ofthe Journal to seek appropriate actions, including seeking moreindependent reviewers.
The Bangkok Medical Journal discourages parallel submission. Submitted manuscript that is under consideration for publication by another journal will be immediately rejected.
The editorial team of Bangkok Medical Journal (BKKMEDJ) is responsible for deciding which of the manuscripts submitted to the journal should be published. The editor may be guided by the policies of the journal's editorial board and compliance to legislation requirements as well as social norms and ethics. For example, research that could result in promotion of violence, trafficking, illicit drug use, weapons or negative political consequences might not be accepted for publication. The Chief Editor may consult other editors or reviewers in making this decision.