Tuberculous Pericarditis

Main Article Content

Chirotchana Suchato, MD
Rergchai Varatorn, MD
Vitoon Pitiguagool, MD
Paitoon Boonma, MD


Tuberculous pericarditis, caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, is found in approximately 1% of all autopsied cases of tuberculosis (TB) and in 1% to 2% of instances of pulmonary TB.1 Pericardial involvement usually develops by the retrograde lymphatic spread of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis from peritrachial, peribronchial or mediastinal lymph nodes or by hematogenous spread from primary tuberculous infection.2, 3 Tuberculous pericarditis presents clinically in 3 forms, consisting of pericardial effusion, constrictive pericarditis and a combination of effusion and constriction.4


Download data is not yet available.

Article Details

How to Cite
Suchato C, Varatorn R, Pitiguagool V, Boonma P. Tuberculous Pericarditis. BKK Med J [Internet]. 2011 Feb. 20 [cited 2023 Dec. 6];2(1):30. Available from:
Case Report


1. Fowler NO. Tuberculous pericarditis: JAMA 1991;266: 99-103.
2. Spodick DH. Tuberculous pericarditis. Arch Intern Med 1956; 98:737-49.
3. Ortbais DW, Avioli LV. Tuberculous Pericarditis. Arch Intern Med 1977;139:231-4.
4. Mayosi MB, Burgess JL, Doubell FA. Circulation 2005; 122:3608-16.