Main Article Content
Tuberculous pericarditis, caused by Mycobacterium Tuberculosis, is found in approximately 1% of all autopsied cases of tuberculosis (TB) and in 1% to 2% of instances of pulmonary TB.1 Pericardial involvement usually develops by the retrograde lymphatic spread of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis from peritrachial, peribronchial or mediastinal lymph nodes or by hematogenous spread from primary tuberculous infection.2, 3 Tuberculous pericarditis presents clinically in 3 forms, consisting of pericardial effusion, constrictive pericarditis and a combination of effusion and constriction.4
This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Licence, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
2. Spodick DH. Tuberculous pericarditis. Arch Intern Med 1956; 98:737-49.
3. Ortbais DW, Avioli LV. Tuberculous Pericarditis. Arch Intern Med 1977;139:231-4.
4. Mayosi MB, Burgess JL, Doubell FA. Circulation 2005; 122:3608-16.