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The advance in genomic technology has allowed us to genotype millions of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) across the human genome at the same time. This high-throughput technology, genome-wide association studies (GWAS), enables us to search for genes contributing to many diseases from age-related macular degeneration, type 2 diabetes, coronary heart disease, cancer to common traits such as obesity, height, eye color. To date, there are over 1,779 studies and 12,126 SNPs reported to be associated with more than 300 diseases.
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