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OBJECTIVES: To investigate how married women with breast cancer adapted themselves after breast surgery and to evaluate selected variables related to adaptation.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: One hundred participants were married women with breast cancer who met the inclusion criteria from November 2017 to February 2018. To collect data, we compiled the demographic questionnaire and clinical data form, the adaptation of breast cancer questionnaire, and the social support scale. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, and Pearson’s product moment correlation.
RESULT: The average age of participants was 54.37 years (SD = 9.50). The mean duration after breast surgery was seven months (SD = 3.26). One-third of the participants (35 %) received a combination therapy of surgery and chemotherapy. The results showed that the participants had a high adaptation level. Among four modes of adaptation, high levels of adaptation were found for physiological and role-function modes, but moderate levels for the self-concept and interdependence modes. It was found that social support was positively related to adaptation (r = 0.436, p < 0.05).
CONCLUSION: The findings are significant for guiding the intervention by promoting social support among married women after breast surgery.
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